Anscombe's quartet comprises four datasets that have nearly identical simple descriptive statistics, yet appear very different when graphed. Each dataset consists of eleven (x,y) points. They were constructed in 1973 by the statistician Francis Anscombe to demonstrate both the importance of graphing data before analyzing it and the effect of outliers on statistical properties. He described the article as being intended to counter the impression among statisticians that "numerical calculations are exact, but graphs are rough."
The second graph (top right) is not distributed normally; while a relationship between the two variables is obvious, it is not linear, and the Pearson correlation coefficient is not relevant. A more general regression and the corresponding coefficient of determination would be more appropriate.
In the third graph (bottom left), the distribution is linear, but should have a different regression line (a robust regression would have been called for). The calculated regression is offset by the one outlier which exerts enough influence to lower the correlation coefficient from 1 to 0.816.
Finally, the fourth graph (bottom right) shows an example when one outlier is enough to produce a high correlation coefficient, even though the other data points do not indicate any relationship between the variables.
Running: There were 4 types of races at Olympia. The oldest event is the stadion, in which the runners sprinted over the distance of 1 stade (192 m), which is the length of the ancient stadium in Olympic. They also raced over 2-stade race (384 m), and a long-distance run which ranged from 7 to 24 stades (1,344 m to 4,608 m). There was no marathon race, as this was made up for the modern Olympics. They did, however, have a grueling event held over 2 to 4-stade with the competitors wearing armor.
THE SAURA SECT WORSHIP A QUATERNITY ADDING A FOURTH TO THE TRIMURTI
The Saura sect that worships Surya as the supreme person of the godhead and saguna brahman doesn't accept the Trimurti as they believe Surya is God. Earlier forms of the Trimurti sometimes included Surya instead of Brahma, or as a fourth above the Trimurti, of whom the other three are manifestations; Surya is Brahma in the morning, Vishnu in the afternoon and Shiva in the evening. Surya was also a member of the original Vedic Trimurti, which included Agni and Vayu. Some Sauras worship either Vishnu or Shiva as manifestations of Surya, others worship the Trimurti as a manifestation of Surya, and others exclusively worship Surya alone.
THE IRON CROSS IN GYMNASTICS
One of the most widely recognized skills performed on the rings is the Iron Cross, which is executed by extending both arms straight out from the sides of the body while suspended mid air for at least two seconds. Other common strength moves include the inverted cross (i.e., vertically inverted Iron Cross) and the Maltese cross, in which the gymnast holds his body parallel to the ground at ring height with arms extended laterally. Swing elements include giant swings from handstand to handstand, similar to giants performed on the horizontal bar. Elements on the rings are regulated by the Code of Points.
CRUCIFIXES IN WRESTLING
With the addition of the Crucifix Series, I felt I should address a common confusion people have when they try to discuss the crucifix.
The root of the problem is that two different positions share the same name.
One is legal at all levels of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and judo competition, while the other is a neck crank that is only legal in no-gi submission wrestling and mixed martial arts.
You can see how this leads to confusion when someone asks a question like “How do you escape the crucifix?” and people start telling him “Just tap! It’s not worth risking your neck!”, and he can’t figure out how a simple gi choke is going to do that.
A Tale of Two Crucifixes
The traditional crucifix is a position where you are laying behind your opponent, trapping one of his arms between your legs and the other with your arm. In judo, the choke from this position is called jigoku jime, which means “hell strangle”.
It is commonly gotten off a bad single leg (as we do here) and fireman’s carry or as a counter to the turtle.
Here’s a photo of the traditional crucifix:
Traditional BJJ Crucifix
Gary Goodridge catch Paul Herrera in this in UFC 8. If you saw it, you’ve probably never forgotten just how devastating it was. Here is a way to get into the crucifix position when your opponent turtles.
The other “crucifix” is similar in that the opponent’s arms are held out, but you are up on your knees and turned away from him, and you can put severe pressure on the neck. This neck crank version of the crucifix is also called the “cattle catch”, “stocks”, “reverse crucifix” and more.
If the internet doesn’t lie, Gene LeBell said this about this neck crank and its problem keeping just one name:
“Some people call this move a crucifix, some call it an iron cross, even a half cow catcher into a shoulder pin, and a hundred other names. In truth it does not matter what you call any technique as long as you can do the hold.”
You can get it as a counter to a single leg, off a failed guillotine or after a neck crank turnover. It can also be gotten from a tradition crucifix, as you can see in our Cattle Catch demonstration.
The neck crank crucifix looks like this:
Neck Crank Crucifix
As for its UFC appearance, Jerry Bohlander submitted Nick Sanzo with it in UFC 12. Here is one possible way to catch your opponent in the cattle catch. Or, if you want a fancier version of getting into the same position check out Denis Kang’s Rolling Crucifix vs Turtle (I have caught some very good people in this technique at least once)!
Due to the severely different nature and legality of these techniques, I prefer to differentiate between them by calling the traditional position the “crucifix”, and the neck crank the “cattle catch” for no better reason than those being my favorites.
Other positions also share the crucifix name, usually because they prop the arms out and block the back of the neck. Examples of this include the leg crucifix and crucifix guard.
I hope this helps clear up the confusion that always happens when the crucifix is discussed.
NASCAR FOUR TURNS
THE ORIGINAL RACE TRACK INDIANAPOLIS HAD FOUR TURNS AND MAINTAINED FOUR TURNS BUT REALLY ARE FOUR TURNS- ONLINE I WENT THROUGH ALL OF THE RACE TRACKS AND SHOWED THAT MOST WERE FOUR TURNS
MOST NASCAR TRACKS HAVE FOUR TURNS
Do NASCAR tracks really have four turns?
A TRI OVAL V QUAD OVAL THREE FOUR DYNAMIC IN NASCAR
Tri-oval A tri-oval resembles an isosceles triangle with rounded-off corners. The circuits typically have a straight backstretch, while the main straightaway where the pit area and most grandstands are located, has a "tri-oval" curve (sometimes characterized as a fifth curve) that makes the mainstretch skewed. Tri-ovals have become preferable to track builders as they offer superior sightlines. Generally on tri-ovals the start-finish line is located on the apex of the tri-oval curve. Two exceptions are Talladega and Walt Disney World Speedway, where the start-finish line are located on the straight between the curve and turn one.
Quad-oval A tri-oval with a "double dogleg" is often called a "quad-oval". A quad-oval is very similar to a tri-oval in sightlines and layout. One specific feature is that the start-finish line segment actually falls on a straight section, rather than along a curve. The shape has become a signature for Speedway Motorsports, which owns all major quad-ovals in the United States. The Calder Park Thunderdome in Melbourne, Australia, is also an example of a quad-oval speedway, though since its opening in 1987 it has generally been referred to as a tri-oval.
NELSONS MAKE UP FOUR QUARTERS
The quarter nelson involves putting one hand on the opponent's neck, passing the free arm under the arm of the opponent, and locking the free arm to the other arm by clasping the wrist. In amateur wrestling a strong quarter nelson can be used to secure a pin, or to control the opponent and advance into a more dominant position.
Power half nelson.
The half nelson is referred to by most coaches as being the easiest, but most effective move in folkstyle wrestling, and is very commonly used. The half nelson is done using only one hand, by passing it under the arm of the opponent and locking the hand on the opponent's neck. In addition, the hand not being used should be holding the opponent's other wrist in so that they can not post the hand or peel the half nelson off.
A power half nelson is a type of half nelson. The hand not performing the nelson is placed on the opponent's head to increase the overall power of the half nelson.
When the half nelson has been put into place, it is used to turn the opponent over onto his back. This is accomplished by using the hand to press the opponent's neck down, while using the arm under the opponent's shoulder to lift the shoulder and drive it perpendicularly to the opponent's body.
When the opponent has been turned over onto his back, the aggressor attempts to pin him by tightening the grip on the neck, putting the nelson in more deeply so that the aggressor's elbow is hooking the opponent's neck. Often the aggressor remains perpendicular to the opponent, chest on chest. The aggressor's free hand is used to minimize struggling by hooking the opponent's near or far leg or crotch.
Countering the half nelson
When the aggressor is in the process of putting the half nelson in, the opponent can attempt to prevent it from going in deeply by using his affected arm to clamp down on the intruding arm. This is especially effective if the opponent is on his knees instead of lying flat, which is why the half nelson should not be attempted until the opponent's stomach is on the ground.
When the aggressor is driving forward perpendicularly to the opponent's body, the opponent can try to avoid being flipped over onto his back by extending his opposite foot in the direction of the undesired movement, and planting it.
Once the opponent is on his back, he can attempt to avoid having his shoulders pinned to the mat, and to get off his back, by planting his feet and pushing the mat with them, allowing him to roll his head back so the top of his head is on the mat, rather than the back of his neck being on the aggressor's arm. From this position he can try to turn over either toward or away from the aggressor.
The three-quarter nelson is done by performing a half nelson using one hand, and passing the other hand underneath the opponent from the same side. The passing hand goes under the opponent's neck and around the far side to the top of the neck, where it is locked with the other hand around the neck at the wrist or using a palm-to-palm or interlacing fingers grip. The three-quarter nelson can be used in amateur wrestling to pin the opponent, and is more secure than a half-nelson.
The full nelson (sometimes called a double nelson or a double shoulder lock) is done by performing half nelsons with both arms. In collegiate, high school, middle school/junior high school, and most other forms of amateur wrestling, the move is illegal. The holder is on the back side of the opponent, and has his or her hands extended upwards under the opponents armpits, holding the neck with a palm-to-palm grip or with interlaced fingers. By cranking the hands forward, pressure can be applied to the neck of the opponent. The usage of the full nelson in combat sports is very limited. It is a secure hold which can be used to control the opponent, but does not allow for finishing action, such as pinning the opponent, executing a reliable submission hold, or allowing for effective striking. Because it can be used as a limited neck crank, it is considered dangerous in some grappling arts, and is banned, for instance, in amateur wrestling.
GOETHE'S FAUST AND QUATERNITIES
According to Edinger, the first four acts of Part II correspond to the material elements: fire, water, air, and earth. These are the elements from which our world was supposed to be made (but also corresponding to the four functions of consciousness -- intuition, feeling, thinking, sensation — but also many other quaternities, such as the seasons). According to this scheme, Act V corresponds to the fifth element, called ether, the Quintessence or fifth essence (quinta essentia). This was supposed to be the substance of the celestial bodies (the planets and stars). According to the traditional Aristotelian-Thomistic physics, the four material elements exhibit rectilinear (straight-line) motion, whereas the quintessence exhibits circular motion. Therefore motion on earth always comes to an end (because eventually you run into something), whereas celestial motion goes on in eternal cycles. Therefore, since all earthly motion must come to an end, everything on earth is subject to "coming-to-be and passing-away," to "generation and corruption." Life, too, is a kind of motion, so earthly life must come to an end; all earthly beings are mortal. On the other hand, cyclic motion can continue forever, and so eternal life is found in the heavens, where all things are eternal and incorruptible. Thus the traditional cosmology.
Four gray crones approach the door of Faust's palace; their names are Want, Debt, Need, and Care. Want, Debt, and Need observe that a wealthy man dwells inside, and so entry is blocked to them, but Care says she can enter even a rich man's house. Care enters through the keyhole while the other three depart, remarking that they see their brother Death approaching from afar.
To understand the role of Care (Ger., Sorge) in Faust, it's useful to reread the first mention of her, in Part I, "Night," lines 634-55. There F lamented that a person, no matter how great their accomplishment, no matter how high their thoughts or aspirations, is still a mortal creature of flesh and blood, and therefore vulnerable to injury, disease, old age, and inevitable death. "I'm of the earthworm's dust-engendered brood, / Which, blindly burrowing, by dust is fed, / And crushed and buried by the wanderer's tread." (653-5)
Back to Pt. II, Act V. From inside his palace, F has observed the approach of the four gray crones and has noted that only three left. He has heard only muffled snatches of their conversation, including the word "Death," and the entire situation has left him spooked. His feelings of anxiety show him that he is not free of care ("I have not fought my way to freedom yet" -- 11403). He considers what life might have been like without magic, satisfied by accomplishments achieved by natural means: "oh, if I stood / Before you, Nature, human without guile, / The toil of being man might be worthwhile." (11406-7, Kaufmann tr.) However, this does not seem to be a renunciation of magic (as some critics have read it), but merely a moment of reflection, for he continues to depend on magical power (see your text, pp. 477-8, for a discussion). Nevertheless, he is upset that every night the air seems to be choked with bogeys of his own creation (11408-20). "Abashed we stand, alone but with our fear" (11418). In this frame of mind, he hears the door creak open.
JUNG ON FAUST'S QUATERNITY- IT IS ACTUALLY THREE PLUS ONE PLUS THREE PLUS ONE
Sirens: Three have followed where we led, But the fourth refused to call; He the rightful seer, he said, His to think for one and all. A god may count it sport To set a god at naught. Honour the grace they bring, And fear their threatening. It is characteristic of Goethe's feeling-toned nature that the fourth should be the thinker. If the supreme principle is "feeling is all," then thinking has to play an unfavourable role and be submerged. Faust I portrays this development. Since Goethe acted as his own model, thinking became the fourth (taboo) function. Because of its contamination with the unconscious it takes on the grotesque form of the Cabiri, for the Cabiri, as dwarfs, are chthonic gods and misshapen accordingly. ("I call them pot-bellied freaks of common clay.") They thus stand in grotesque contrast to the heavenly gods and poke fun at them (cf. the "ape of God"). The Nereids and Tritons sing: Seven there should really be. Sirens: Where, then, stay the other three? Nereids and That we know not. You had best Tritons: On Olympus make your quest. There an eighth may yet be sought Though none other gave him thought. Well inclined to us in grace, Not all perfect yet their race. Beings there beyond compare, Yearning, unexplainable, Press with hunger's pang to share In the unattainable. We learn that there are "really" seven of them; but again there is some difficulty with the eighth as there was Dream Symbolism in Relation to Alchemy : 405 before with the fourth. Similarly, in contradiction to the
All items were tested for each respondent with the Bem Sex-Role Inventory Analysis Score Sheet (BSRIASS) (Bem, 1981). According to the final results of the BSRIASS, the female construction entrepreneurs’ score for masculinity scale was 3.94, which is higher than the score for the femininity scale (3.14). The implications of these results are listed in Figure 2. As shown in Table 1, the gender identity of the female construction entrepreneurs is masculine.
Four categories: androgynous (high femininity–high masculinity), feminine (high femininity–low masculinity), masculine (low femininity–high masculinity), and undifferentiated (low femininity–low masculinity).
The Boerdijk–Coxeter helix, named after H. S. M. Coxeter and A. H. Boerdijk, is a linear stacking of regular tetrahedra, arranged so that the edges of the complex that belong to a single tetrahedron form three intertwined helices. There are two chiralforms, with either clockwise or counterclockwise windings. Contrary to any other stacking of Platonic solids, the Boerdijk–Coxeter helix is not rotationally repetitive. Even in an infinite string of stacked tetrahedra, no two tetrahedra will have the same orientation. This is because the helical pitch per cell is not a rational fraction of the circle.
THE FOUR MAIN CHARACTERS OF I LOVE LUCY
The Famous Foursome on the set
Ethel Mae Mertz (née Potter) (alternately "Ethel Louise" and "Ethel Roberta"), played by Vivian Vance, is one of the four main fictional characters in the highly popular 1950s American television sitcom I Love Lucy.
Originally set in an apartment building in New York City, I Love Lucy centers on Lucy Ricardo (Lucille Ball) and her singer/bandleader husband Ricky Ricardo (Desi Arnaz), along with their best friends and landlords Fred Mertz (William Frawley) and Ethel Mertz (Vivian Vance).
CRUCIFORM POSE INSPIRED GOYAS CRUCIFIXION POSE IN EXECUTION
FOUR PARTS MACEDONIA
Macedonia was initially divided into four republics subject to Rome before finally being annexed in 146 BC as a Roman province. Around this time, vulgar Latin was introduced in the Balkans by Latin-speaking colonists and military personnel.
FLAG OF GEORGIA IS THE QUADRANT MODEL 16 SQUARES
The flag of Georgia (Georgian: საქართველოს სახელმწიფო დროშა; sakartvelos sakhelmtsʼipo drosha), also known as the Five Cross Flag (Georgian: ხუთჯვრიანი დროშა; khutjvriani drosha), is one of the national symbols of Georgia. Originally a banner of the medieval Kingdom of Georgia, it was brought back to popular use in the late 20th and early 21st centuries during periods of the Georgian national revival. Prior to obtaining its official status in 2004, the flag was popularized by the United National Movement and served as one of the most recognizable symbols of the Rose Revolution.
YOU SEE IN MEMORY IT WAS ONCE THOUGHT THAT IT WAS THE "MAGICAL NUMBER SEVEN" BUT AFTER RESEARCH IT WAS DISCOERED THAT IT IS ACTUALLY THE "MAGIAL NUMBER FOUR"
The Magical Number Seven
Where does this number come from? As it turns out, it all dates back to a speech that psychologist George A. Miller gave in 1956. The interesting thing is that Miller didn't provide any proof for that number. He was only, in the context of this speech, pointing out that the human short-term memory is limited and speculated that the limit would be somewhere around seven, plus or minus two items.
Only much later, when Alan Baddeley (in the 1990s) and Nelson Cowan (in the early 2000s) did any actual research did it become clear that the "magical" (as Miller had called it) number seven was wrong.
The Magical Number Four
Baddeley and Cowan found that the average human adult can only keep 4 items in short-term memory. And it's even worse - this only works for simple or familiar things. You cannot keep four complex ideas in short-term memory (unless you're already familiar with them); neither can you remember four words in a language that you don't speak or understand.
THE FOUR SERVICES ARE A THREE PLUS ONE THE FOURTH IS ADDITIONAL
The Amidah is the central prayer of all four services: shacharit (morning), mincha (afternoon), maariv (evening), and mussaf (additional)
THERE WERE FOUR WESTERN DOCTORS OF THE CHURCH AND THREE IN THE EAST- BUT A TRANSCENDENT FOURTH DOCTOR WAS ADDED TO THE EAST FULFILLING THE QUATERNITY
In the Western church four eminent "Fathers of the Church" attained this honour in the early Middle Ages: Saint Gregory the Great, Saint Ambrose, Saint Augustine, and Saint Jerome. The "four Doctors" became a commonplace among the Scholastics, and a decree of Boniface VIII (1298) ordering their feasts to be kept as doubles in the whole Church is contained in his sixth book of Decretals (cap. "Gloriosus", de relique. et vener. sanctorum, in Sexto, III, 22).
In the Eastern Church three Doctors were pre-eminent: Saint John Chrysostom, Saint Basil the Great, and Saint Gregory Nazianzen. The feasts of these three saints were made obligatory throughout the Eastern Empire by Leo VI the Wise. A common feast was later instituted in their honour on 30 January, called "the feast of the three Hierarchs". In the Menaea for that day it is related that the three Doctors appeared in a dream to John Mauropous, Bishop of Euchaitae, and commanded him to institute a festival in their honour, in order to put a stop to the rivalries of their votaries and panegyrists. This was under Alexius Comnenus (1081–1118; see "Acta SS.", 14 June, under St. Basil, c. xxxviii). But sermons for the feast are attributed in manuscripts to Cosmas Vestitor, who flourished in the tenth century. The three are as common in Eastern art as the four are in Western. Durandus (i, 3) remarks that Doctors should be represented with books in their hands. In the West analogy led to the veneration of four Eastern Doctors, Saint Athanasius being added to the three hierarchs.
THE FOUR WOMEN DOCTORS OF THE CHURCH
Until 1970, no woman had been named a doctor in the church, but since then four additions to the list have been women: Saints Teresa of Ávila (St. Teresa of Jesus) and Catherine of Siena by Pope Paul VI; Thérèse de Lisieux (St. Therese of the Child Jesus and of the Holy Face), "the Little Flower" by Pope John Paul II; and Hildegard of Bingen by Benedict XVI. Saints Teresa and Therese were both Discalced Carmelites, St. Catherine was a lay Dominican, and Hildegard was a Benedictine.
THERE WAS A LOT OF STUFF IN RELIGION I SAW OVER THE YEARS THAT WAS THE QUADRANT MODEL A LOT BUT I FORGOT A LOT OF IT BEFORE I WROTE THEM IN NOTEBOOKS AND STUFF A LOT I FORGOT HOPEUFLLY I CAN GO BACK IN INTERNET AND FIND GOOD ONES BUT A LOT I FORGOT
The Four Great Doctors of the Western Church were often depicted in art, here by Pier Francesco Sacchi, c. 1516. From the left: Saint Augustine, Pope Gregory I, Saint Jerome, and Saint Ambrose, with their attributes.
The Four Musketeers (German:Die vier Musketiere) is a 1934 German drama film directed by Heinz Paul and starring Fritz Kampers, Paul Westermeier and Erhard Siedel. Four comrades of the First World War meet up many years later and discover they have very different views on the political future of Germany.
The film's art direction was by Robert A. Dietrich.
Fritz Kampers as Musketier Schlumberger aus Bayern
Paul Westermeier as Musketier Stempel aus Berlin
Erhard Siedel as Musketier Krause aus Sachsen
Hans Brausewetter as Musketier Gisevius aus Hamburg
Here is the last time Curly appeared with The 3 Stooges. He plays a passenger on a train. Curly had a stroke on 06 May 1946. This was filmed after Curly's stroke and is from the short "Hold That Lion" (1947) and is also the only clip with 4 Stooges - Curly, Larry, Moe and Shemp.
FOUR HORSESHOE GONADS
Aurelia aurita (also called the common jellyfish, moon jellyfish, moon jelly, or saucer jelly) is a widely studied species of the genus Aurelia.
The jellyfish is translucent, usually about 25–40 cm (10–16 in) in diameter, and can be recognized by its four horseshoe-shaped gonads, easily seen through the top of the bell.
ECHIDNA HAVE FOUR SPECIES- THEY ALSO HAVE FOUR PENISES
Echidnas (/ɪˈkɪdnə/), sometimes known as spiny anteaters, belong to the family Tachyglossidae in the monotreme order of egg-laying mammals. Echidnas are four extant species.
Male echidnas have a four-headed penis. During mating, the heads on one side "shut down" and do not grow in size; the other two are used to release semen into the female's two-branched reproductive tract. Each time it copulates, it alternates heads in sets of two. When not in use, the penis is retracted inside a preputial sac in the cloaca. The male echidna's penis is 7 centimetres (2.8 in) long when erect, and its shaft is covered with penile spines. These may be used to induce ovulation in the female.
Gibbons are apes in the family Hylobatidae. The family historically contained one genus, but now is split into four genera and 18 species. Gibbons occur in tropical and subtropical rainforests from eastern Bangladesh and northeast India to southern China and Indonesia (including the islands of Sumatra, Borneo, and Java).
The family is divided into four genera based on their diploid chromosome number: Hylobates (44), Hoolock (38), Nomascus (52), and Symphalangus (50).
Family Hylobatidae: gibbons
Western hoolock gibbon, H. hoolock
Eastern hoolock gibbon, H. leuconedys
Skywalker hoolock gibbon, H. tianxing
Genus Hylobates: dwarf gibbons
Lar gibbon or white-handed gibbon, H. lar
Malaysian lar gibbon, H. l. lar
Carpenter's lar gibbon, H. l. carpenteri
Central lar gibbon, H. l. entelloides
Sumatran lar gibbon, H. l. vestitus
Yunnan lar gibbon, H. l. yunnanensis
Bornean white-bearded gibbon, H. albibarbis
Agile gibbon or black-handed gibbon, H. agilis
Müller's Bornean gibbon, H. muelleri
Müller's grey gibbon, H. m. muelleri
Abbott's grey gibbon, H. m. abbotti
Northern grey gibbon, H. m. funereus
Silvery gibbon, H. moloch
Western silvery gibbon or western Javan gibbon, H. m. moloch
Eastern silvery gibbon or central Javan gibbon, H. m. pongoalsoni
Pileated gibbon or capped gibbon, H. pileatus
Kloss's gibbon, Mentawai gibbon or bilou, H. klossii
Siamang, S. syndactylus
Genus Nomascus: crested gibbons
Northern buffed-cheeked gibbon, N. annamensis
Concolor or black crested gibbon, N. concolor
N. c. concolor
N. c. lu
N. c. jingdongensis
N. c. furvogaster
Eastern black crested gibbon or Cao Vit black crested gibbon, N. nasutus
Hainan black crested gibbon, N. hainanus
Northern white-cheeked gibbon, N. leucogenys
Southern white-cheeked gibbon, N. siki
Yellow-cheeked gibbon, N. gabriellae
The Hominidae (/hɒˈmɪnɪdiː/), whose members are known as great apes[note 1] or hominids, are a taxonomic family of primates that includes seven extant species in four genera: Pongo, the Bornean and Sumatran orangutan; Gorilla, the eastern and western gorilla; Pan, the common chimpanzee and the bonobo; and Homo, which includes modern Humans and its extinct relatives (e.g., the Neanderthal), and ancestors, such as Homo erectus
AT THE BEGINNING OF THE MUSIC VIDEO THERE IS A FLASH OF A CROSS. AT THE END OF THE MUSIC VIDEO SHE IS CRUCIFORM AND HAS A METAPHORICAL CRUCIFIXION. THERE ARE FOUR VERSIONS OF THE ENDING
The video opens with a scene of lead singer Nina Persson, at the side of a desert road, trying to find a suitable rock. Meanwhile, the radio DJ, who is heard from the car radio, warns drivers that desert temperatures are very hot that day so they must remember to drive safely. When Persson finds a rock, she walks over to her car, a dark blue 1974 Cadillac Eldorado convertible, places it on the accelerator to keep the pedal down and drives off as the song begins. During the video, she weaves back and forth onto the wrong side of the road, forcing many other drivers off the road and causing some to crash in the process. At one point in the video, she throws the Felix the Cat stuffed toy out of the car which was then run over by another car. In some versions of the video, the Felix the Cat doll is blurred out. At various stages of the video, she is also depicted using her feet to steer the steering wheel. There is a large and colourful tattoo on Persson's arm that was added for the video. She also drives at pedestrians causing them to jump out of the way while driving through a small town. At the beginning of the last chorus, she turns the car around and drives back down the road where she caused so much destruction. Towards the end of the song, she stands up in the car seat, keeping the car in control with her foot on the steering wheel. She steers into a collision course with an oncoming van, containing the other members of The Cardigans, with drummer Bengt Lagerberg as the driver. While the van's occupants react in horror, she calmly stretches out her arms and makes a cruciform for a moment before the two vehicles collide as the song ends. The DJ sounds the State Patrol's warning "on a high-speed out-of-control vehicle on Route 666" and passes on to commercial.
There are four different outcomes of the car crash at the end of the uncensored video. In ending one, Persson's body goes flying into the air and over the van roof where she is then depicted as being dead on the road. In ending two, she also flies over the van roof, except she tries to pick herself off the ground but is knocked out by the rock that was used to keep the car pedal down, cartoonishly. In ending three, she also flies over the van roof except she manages to pick herself up from the ground and walks away from the accident, and wipes the blood away from her face (this version is censored). In ending four, Persson is depicted being decapitated by the top of her car windscreen and a mannequin head is seen in the next shot, rolling along the road.
CROSS AT 43 SECONDS
The Cardigans - My Favourite Game “Walkaway Version”
Despite the controversy, the music video managed to debut at number twenty-nine on MuchMusic's Countdown in October 1998 and peaked at number twenty-three on November 27. Also, the video has appeared on many "Greatest Music Video" lists including ranking at 68 in Slant Magazine's "100 Greatest Music Videos" sharing the position with U.N.K.L.E's "Rabbit in Your Headlights", and ranking 95 in Channel 4's "100 Greatest Pop Videos".
The Mamas & the Papas were an American folk rock vocal group that recorded and performed from 1965 to 1968, and were a defining force in the music scene of the Counterculture of the 1960s. The band reunited briefly in 1971. The group was composed of John Phillips, Denny Doherty, Cass Elliot, and Michelle Phillips née Gilliam. Their sound was based on vocal harmonies arranged by John Phillips, the songwriter, musician, and leader of the group who adapted folk to the new beat style of the early sixties.
FOURSOME VERY FAMOUS SONG
Harvey Danger began in 1992 with University of Washington classmates Jeff Lin and Aaron Huffman deciding "it might be fun to start a band." Huffman and Lin, who were both student journalists on the staff of The Daily of the University of Washington student newspaper, took the name "Harvey Danger" from a phrase graffitied onto the wall of the newspaper's office. Lin and Huffman played house parties and bars as a duo under the Harvey Danger name until 1993, when they invited Evan Sult to be their drummer. Despite his complete lack of drumming experience, Sult agreed, bringing along his own similarly inexperienced classmate Sean Nelson. Nelson was also a colleague of Lin and Huffman's at The Daily's arts and entertainment section The Glass Onion.
The foursome played their first show on April 21, 1994 at the now-defunct Lake Union Pub; Sult and Nelson, both under 21, were only permitted entry during the set.That summer, the band moved into Nelson's student house together and began holding band practices in the basement. The band had little money and their drum set for their first few shows consisted of nothing more than a laundry bucket, 3 hubcaps, and a jar of pickles. More shows at the Lake Union Pub and other low-rent Seattle clubs followed, leading to exposure in The Seattle Times.
FOUR MEMBERS OF LIT IN THEIR FAMOUS SONG. They are dressed up as four bowlers.
"My Own Worst Enemy" is a song by the American rock band Lit. It was released in March 1999 as the lead single from Lit's second album, A Place in the Sun, which was also released that year. The song was only moderately successful at first, reaching number 17 on the Modern Rock Tracks chart on February 27, 1999. It later achieved mainstream success, peaking at number 51 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and number one on the Modern Rock Tracks (also known as Alternative Songs) chart. The song's success helped A Place in the Sun to be certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) on October 27, 1999 for sales of 1,300,000 copies in the United States. At the 1999 Billboard Music Awards, "My Own Worst Enemy" won the Modern Rock Track of the Year award. Its music video was filmed by Gavin Bowden in a Las Vegas bowling alley.
THE FOUR MEMBERS OF THE DOORS
The Doors were an American rock band formed in 1965 in Los Angeles, with vocalist Jim Morrison, keyboardist Ray Manzarek, guitarist Robby Krieger, and drummer John Densmore. The band got its name, at Morrison's suggestion from the title of Aldous Huxley's book The Doors of Perception, which itself was a reference to a quote made by William Blake, "If the doors of perception were cleansed, everything would appear to man as it is, infinite." They were unique and among the most controversial and influential rock acts of the 1960s, mostly because of Morrison's lyrics and charismatic but unpredictable stage persona. After Morrison's death in 1971 at age 27, the remaining members continued as a trio until disbanding in 1973.
THE FOUR MEMBERS OF ABBA
ABBA (Swedish pronunciation: [²abːa]) were a Swedish pop group, formed in Stockholm in 1972 by members Agnetha Fältskog, Björn Ulvaeus, Benny Andersson, and Anni-Frid Lyngstad. They became one of the most commercially successful acts in the history of popular music, topping the charts worldwide from 1974 to 1982. ABBA won the Eurovision Song Contest 1974 at The Dome in Brighton, UK, giving Sweden its first triumph in the contest, and are the most successful group to have ever taken part in the competition.
Kiss (often stylized as KISS) is an American rock band formed in New York City in January 1973 by Paul Stanley, Gene Simmons, Peter Criss, and Ace Frehley. Well known for its members' face paint and stage outfits, the group rose to prominence in the mid-to-late 1970s with their elaborate live performances, which featured fire breathing, blood-spitting, smoking guitars, shooting rockets, levitating drum kits, and pyrotechnics. The band has gone through several lineup changes, with Stanley and Simmons the only remaining original members. The original and best-known lineup consisted of Stanley (vocals and rhythm guitar), Simmons (vocals and bass guitar), Frehley (lead guitar and vocals), and Criss (drums and vocals).
STANLEY AND VINCENT IN KISS AND THE ANKH/CROSS
Stanley designed a character, "The Wiz" also known as "The Egyptian Warrior", and make-up centered around an Egyptian ankh, for Vincent. According to the official authorized Kiss biography, written by David Leaf and Ken Sharp, "The Egyptian Ankh Warrior" refers to Vincent's make-up and persona, while the nickname "The Wiz" refers to his virtuosity as a guitar player. According to the Simmons autobiography Kiss and Make-Up, Vincent's Kiss persona was solely "The Wiz". A persona as "The Ankh Warrior" or similar is not mentioned in the book at all.
The Ankh Warrior
MALAKIAN FOUR MEMBER BAND SYSTEM OF A DOWN AND REFERENCE TO JESUS CRUCIFIXION
In an interview, Daron Malakian explained, "The song is about how we are regarded differently depending on how we pass. Everyone deserves to die. Like, if I were now to die from drug abuse, they might say I deserved it because I abused dangerous drugs. Hence the line, 'I cry when angels deserve to die'. The lyric passages 'Father, into your hands I commend my spirit' and 'why have you forsaken me?' are a reference to Jesus' death on the cross, as, according to the Gospels, it was one of the seven things Jesus said while dying."
FOUR MEMBERS SYSTEM OF A DOWN
System of a Down, sometimes shortened to System and abbreviated as SOAD, is an Armenian-American heavy metal band from Glendale, California, formed in 1994. The band currently consists of Serj Tankian (lead vocals, keyboards), Daron Malakian (vocals, guitar), Shavo Odadjian (bass, backing vocals) and John Dolmayan (drums).
THERE ARE FOUR MEMBERS OF BLACK SABBATH
Headless Cross is the fourteenth studio album by English rock band Black Sabbath. Released in 24 April 1989, it was the group's second album to feature singer Tony Martin and the first to feature drummer Cozy Powell.
BLACK SABBATH CROSS OF THORNS- ALBUM CROSS PURPOSES
Black Sabbath were an English rock band, formed in Birmingham in 1968, by guitarist and main songwriter Tony Iommi, bassist and main lyricist Geezer Butler, singer Ozzy Osbourne, and drummer Bill Ward. Black Sabbath are often cited as pioneers of heavy metal music. The band helped define the genre with releases such as Black Sabbath(1970), Paranoid (1970) and Master of Reality (1971). The band had multiple line-up changes, with Iommi being the only constant member throughout its history.
PINK FLOYD ALBUM COVER FAMOUS FOUR CHIMNEYS BUILDING BATTERSEA POWER STATION
Animals is the tenth studio album by the English rock band Pink Floyd, released on 23 January 1977 by Harvest Records in the United Kingdom and by Columbia Records in the United States. It is a concept album that provides a scathing critique of the social-political conditions of late-1970s Britain, and presents a marked change in musical style from their earlier work. Animals was recorded at the band's studio, Britannia Row, in London, but its production was punctuated by the early signs of discord that three years later would culminate in keyboardist Richard Wright leaving the band. The album's cover image, a pig floating between two chimneys of the Battersea Power Station, was conceived by the band's bassist and lead songwriter Roger Waters, and was designed by long-time collaborator Storm Thorgerson of Hipgnosis.
Four is the fourth studio album by English-Irish boy band One Direction, released on 17 November 2014 by Columbia Records and Syco Music. Two singles were released from the album, "Steal My Girl" and "Night Changes", both achieving platinum status in the US, and scoring the band their tenth and eleventh UK top-ten hits.
KISS AND THE ANKH/CROSS
KISS MY ANKH: A Tribute To Vinnie Vincent is a 2008 tribute album, featuring a variety of artists covering songs written (or co-written) by Vinnie Vincent. The album consists of new recordings of songs from Vincent's careers with Kiss and the Vinnie Vincent Invasion. Featured artists include Steve Brown of Trixter, Troy Patrick Farrell of White Lion, T.J. Racer of Nitro, Sheldon Tarsha of Adler's Appetite, Chris Caffery of Savatage and Trans-Siberian Orchestra, Ryan Roxie from the Alice Cooper band and rock & roll comic C.C. Banana, who performs a parody of the Kiss song "Unholy" (rewritten as a roast of Danger Danger vocalist Ted Poley).
The four lobes of the liver, often viewed by many cultures as sacred include
*Square one: the right lobe
*Square two: the left lobe
*Square three: the caudate lobe
*Square four: the quadrate lobe
The first two are the duality and the fourth is different from the previous three.
In cultures throughout history and the world the heart has been viewed as a sacred symbol. The Aztecs cut out human hearts, considering them to be a symbol of God. The heart sections suggests the quadrant model pattern. Not coincidentally the Aztecs and ancient people throughout the world saw the form of the quadrant as sacred.
The sections of the heart are
*Square one: the right atrium receives blood from the veins, and pumps it to the right ventricle
*Square two: the right ventricle receives blood from the right atrium, and pumps it to the lungs where it is loaded with oxygen
*Square three: the left atrium receives oxygenated blood from the lungs, and pumps it to the left ventricle
*Square four: the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood throughout the body, again suggesting a transcendent, even divine quality.
The anatomy of the human stomach also fits the quadrant model pattern. In classical anatomy the stomach is divided into four sections, each section with different cell functions.
*Square one: cardia
*Square two: fundus
*Square three: body--the third square is always the most physical
*Square four: pylorus--he fourth square points to a larger context. The fourth section of the stomach leads out of the stomach to the intestines.
anatomy of the human stomach
The human fingers also fit the quadrant model pattern.
*Square one: little finger; the first square has a quality of being weird, and also characteristically rather weak. The first square is associated with the Idealists who are extremely intuitive and insightful. They are also conservative and gullible--easily swayed by authority. The first square corresponds to Wilbur's mind square.
*Square two: ring finger. The second finger following the pinky is the ring
finger. which is associated with marriage relationships. The second square is the relational square (Wilbur's culture square). The ring finger receives the
symbol of a Marriage relationship. The second square of the second quadrant is faith; it is all about loyalty and relationships. The second square is the Guardian.
*Square three: middle finger. The third is always the most physical, action-oriented, and solid. As the strongest and longest it is often associated with being bad and destructive. It is often used as a sort of “Voodoo” weapon. The third square is Wilbur's body square.
*Square four: index finger, used regularly to point beyond itself, often toward a larger context. That is the nature of the forth square. During contemplation, passion, flowing and knowing the participant is a part of something greater than the self--connected to something larger than the self. The index finger is used for pointing. The index finger points beyond itself. The fourth square is Wilbur's social/society square.
*Square five: the thumb, not a finger. As a fifth square phenomenon is seems not to be needed, or at least not to belong, evidencing a quality of transcendence, making it quite different from the previous three.
The bones of the hand fit the quadrant model pattern.
*Square one: distal phalanges
*Square two: intermediate phalanges. The first two squares are the duality.
*Square three: proximal phalanges. The third square is very physical. The proximal phalanges are large. The first three bones of the human hand are phalanges, and are very connected, as are thinking, emoting, and doing. But the fourth characteristically seems separate from the other three.
*Square four: Metacarpals are different from the first three.
*Square five: carpals--the quality of the fourth square always indicates the quality of the fifth. The metacarpals point to the character of the carpals. The fourth and fifth are similar: while the fourth is transcendent the fifth is ultra-transcendent.
The divisions of the human spine are based on the quadrant model pattern. Biologists say that the human structure is based on random evolutionary processes. Humans may indeed be products of random evolution, but perceptions are not always to be trusted. An alternate interpretation is that humans have evolved to reveal the Quadrant Model of Reality—humans are made in the image and likeness of God. Existence may indeed express the quadrant model pattern through the form of the human. The quadrant model pattern is the expression of Being; it is the way existence manifests. God is Being.
The spine is divided as follows:
*Square one: the cervical
*Square two: the thoracic is the structure, and holds the ribs--the second square is always structure, order, and foundation
*Square three: lumbar. The third square is solid, physical, and associated with
movement; it is extremely robust and mobile.
*Square four: sacral. The fourth section of the spine is called the sacral, connoting a transcendent quality associated with the sacred or divine. It points to the fifth, which is associated with God. The qualities of the fourth always indicate the qualities of the fifth. The fifth is ultra transcendent, being very different from the other three parts of the spine. The discs in the sacrum are fused, whereas the discs in the previous three are not.
*Square five: cocygeal. known as the tailbone, and known as vestigial. Evolutionary biologists think that it is left over from the time when human ancestors had tails. The fourth never seems to belong, while the fifth always seems unneeded. The fourth indicates the qualities of the fifth, both having fused discs.
The human brain is arranged in accord with the quadrant model pattern. Earlier the suggestion was made that in the quadrant model pattern the first square is the light, the second is the word, the third is the flesh, the fourth is the true word and the fifth is true light. Another way to verbalize this is in the terminology used by Wilbur. He calls the first square “mind”, second “culture”, third “body”, and the fourth “social/society”. The fifth may be “God”.
The lobes of the brain are divided into four parts.
*Square one: occipital lobe--this is the light. The occipital lobe is responsible for vision, and corresponds to the Idealist square.
*Square two: temporal lobe- this is the word. The temporal lobe is responsible for hearing. Hearing or listening brings to mind culture. Listening is a social act that people do. This is the guardian square. Guardians are the most into friends and maintaining cultural harmony. Guardians are hearers. A fascinating thing about the temporal lobe is that this is where the fusiform facial area of the brain is. This area of the brain is responsible for distinguishing faces. Again, the second square is social. Recognizing face s is social. Guardians are very into social relationships. Also the temporal lobe is where the area of the brain associated with religiosity is located. The second square is the religious square. The second quadrant is belief, faith, behavior, and belonging. Religion maintains order and homeostasis. Guardians are very religious in their mentalities in that they often do not question things extremely deeply, but they are driven more by faith. The temporal lobe is where wernickes area of the brain is. This area is responsible for understanding language/hearing. This is the listening area of the brain. The temporal lobe is described as being the section of the brain associated with religiosity and relationships. This is the nature of the second square.
*Square three: parietal lobe--this is the flesh. The parietal lobe is associated with the sense of touch and movement. The parietal lobe is responsible for movement of the body. Recall that the third square is Wilber's body square. This is the artisan square. Artisans are the doers.
*Square four: frontal lobe--this is the true word--Wilbur's social/society square. It is associated with the personality type of the Rational. The fourth quadrant is contemplation and knowledge; the frontal lobe is where abstract reasoning occurs. The frontal lobe is also where brocas area is located. Brocas area is not responsible for hearing speech; it occurs in
the temporal lobe in the wernickes area. Brocas area is responsible for speaking. The fourth square is philosophy. The second square is religion. The philosopher speaks; the religious person listens and obeys. Both are needed and need each other. The qualities of each square are fulfilled.
Excerpt from QMR
There are the four paranasal sinuses. They include
*Square one: maxillary sinus
*Square two: frontal sinus
*Square three: ethmoid sinus
*Square four: sphenoid sinus.
The first three sinuses are close to each other, but the fourth, the sphenoid sinus, is off by itself. This is the nature of the quadrant model--the fourth is always different from the previous three--a pattern expressed in the arrangement of the sinuses. Existence organizes itself along this pattern in areas that stand out to show that this pattern is significant and fundamental to reality.
The types of teeth fit the quadrant model pattern. Interestingly there are 16 teeth on the
top and bottom like the 16 squares of the quadrant model. The types of teeth are
*Square one: Incisors-- the first square is always the weakest
*Square two: Canines
*Square three: Premolars--the third square is always the most physical and solid. The premolars are large and grind food.
*Square four: Molars--the molars are the fourth and very different. The forth is always different.
BIOLOGISTS STILL SAY THERE ARE ONLY FOUR TASTES OR FOUR PRIMARY TASTES THE FIFTH IS QUESTIONABLE. THE FOURTH IS TRANSCENDENT. ORIGINALLY THERE WERE THREE TASTES THEN DEMOCRITUS ADDED THE TRANSCENDENT FOURTH
Human taste receptors also fit the quadrant model pattern. They include
*Square one: bitter
*Square two: sweet
*Square three: sour
*Square four: salty (salt is NaCl)
*Square five: umami is Mono sodium glutamate. Sodium is Na. The fourth always points to the fifth. The fourth contains sodium, as does the fifth. Salty is different from the previous three, and the difference in fifth transcends all.
Bitter and sweet, the first two squares, form the duality. Sour is the third square, which always implies attributes of being bad and destructive.
There are four main types of mechanoreceptors in glabrous skin.
*Square one: Pacinian corpuscles: these sense vibration and pressure.
*Square two: Meissner’s corpuscles: these detect light touch.
*Square three: Merkel’s discs: These send touch perception data to the brain. These are the doers; the third square is always the doer.
*Square four: Ruffini endings. These are slowly adapting nerve fibers.
Again, there is evidence of a duality with the Pacinian corpuscles and the meissner’s corpuscles; they are the first and second squares. The Ruffini endings in the fourth square are different from the previous three.
THE REPUBLIC IS DIVIDED BY STRAUSS INTO FOUR SECTIONS- THERE ARE FOUR VIRTUES AND FOUR REGIMES IN FOUR CHAPTERS DESCRIBED BY SOCRATES. PLATO RELATES THE FOUR REGIMES TO THE FOUR PERSONALITY TYPES- BOTH ARISTOTLE AND PLATO SAY "THERE ARE ONLY FOUR EXISTING TYPES OF GOVERNMENT"
Socrates and his companions Adeimantus and Glaucon conclude their discussion concerning education. Socrates breaks the educational system into two. They suggest that guardians should be educated in these four virtues: wisdom, courage, justice and temperance. They also suggest that the second part of the guardians' education should be in gymnastics. With physical training they will be able to live without needing frequent medical attention: physical training will help prevent illness and weakness. In summary, Socrates asserts that both male and female guardians be given the same education, that all wives and children be shared, and that ownership of private property ought to be prohibited amongst them.
Socrates discusses four unjust constitutions: timocracy, oligarchy, democracy, and tyranny. He argues that a society will decay and pass through each government in succession, eventually becoming a tyranny, the most unjust regime of all.
The starting point is an imagined, alternate Aristocracy (ruled by a philosopher-king); a just government dominated by the wisdom-loving element. When its social structure breaks down and enters civil war, it is replaced by Timocracy. The Timocratic government is dominated by the spirited element, with a ruling class of property-owners consisting of warriors or generals (Ancient Sparta is an example). As the emphasis on honor is compromised by wealth accumulation, it is replaced by Oligarchy. The Oligarchic government is dominated by the desiring element, in which the rich are the ruling class. The gap between rich and poor widens, culminating in a revolt by the underclass majority, establishing a Democracy. Democracy emphasizes maximum freedom, so power is distributed evenly. It is also dominated by the desiring element, but in an undisciplined, unrestrained way. The populism of the Democratic government leads to mob rule, fueled by fear of oligarchy, which a clever demagogue can exploit to take power and establish Tyranny. In a Tyrannical government, the city is enslaved to the tyrant, who uses his guards to remove the best social elements and individuals from the city to retain power (since they pose a threat), while leaving the worst. He will also provoke warfare to consolidate his position as leader. In this way, tyranny is the most unjust regime of all.
Leo Strauss identified a four-part structure to the Republic, perceiving the dialogues as a drama enacted by particular characters, each with a particular perspective and level of intellect:
Book I: Socrates is forcefully compelled to the house of Cephalus. Three definitions of justice are presented, all are found lacking.
Books II–V: Glaucon and Adeimantus challenge Socrates to prove: Why a perfectly just man, perceived by the world as an unjust man, would be happier than the perfectly unjust man who hides his injustice and is perceived by the world as a just man? Their challenge begins and propels the dialogues; in answering the challenge, of the "charge", Socrates reveals his behavior with the young men of Athens, whom he later was convicted of corrupting. Because Glaucon and Adeimantus presume a definition of "Justice", Socrates digresses; he compels the group's attempt to discover justice, and then answers the question posed to him about the intrinsic value of the just life.
Books V–VI: The "Just City in Speech" is built from the earlier books, and concerns three critiques of the city. Leo Strauss reported that his student Allan Bloom identified them as: communism, communism of wives and children, and the rule of philosophers. The "Just City in Speech" stands or falls by these complications.
Books VII–X: Socrates has "escaped" his captors, having momentarily convinced them that the just man is the happy man, by reinforcing their prejudices. He presents a rationale for political decay, and concludes by recounting The Myth of Er ("everyman"), consolation for non-philosophers who fear death.
While Plato spends much of the Republic having Socrates narrate a conversation about the city he founds with Glaucon and Adeimantus "in speech", the discussion eventually turns to considering four regimes that exist in reality and tend to degrade successively into each other: timocracy, oligarchy (also called plutocracy), democracy and tyranny (also called despotism).
Socrates defines a timocracy as a government of people who love rule and honor. Socrates argues that the timocracy emerges from aristocracy due to a civil war breaking out among the ruling class and the majority. Over time, many more births will occur to people who lack aristocratic, guardian qualities, slowly drawing the populace away from knowledge, music, poetry and "guardian education", toward money-making and the acquisition of possessions. This civil war between those who value wisdom and those who value material acquisition will be in struggle until a just medium is compromised. The timocracy values war insofar as it satisfies a love of victory and honor. The timocratic man loves physical training, and hunting, and values his abilities in warfare.
Temptations create a confusion between economic status and honor which is responsible for the emergence of oligarchy. In Book VIII, Socrates suggests that wealth will not help a pilot to navigate his ship, as his concerns will be directed centrally toward increasing his wealth by whatever means, rather than seeking out wisdom or honor. The injustice of economic disparity divides the rich and the poor, thus creating an environment for criminals and beggars to emerge. The rich are constantly plotting against the poor and vice versa. The oligarchic constitution is based on property assessment and wealth qualification. Unlike the timocracy, oligarchs are also unable to fight war, since they do not wish to arm the majority for fear of their rising up against them (even more so fearing the majority than their enemies), nor do they seem to pay mercenaries, since they are reluctant to spend money.
As this socioeconomic divide grows, so do tensions between social classes. From the conflicts arising out of such tensions, the poor majority overthrow the wealthy minority, and democracy replaces the oligarchy preceding it. The poor overthrow the oligarchs and grant liberties and freedoms to citizens, creating a most variegated collection of peoples under a "supermarket" of constitutions. A visually appealing demagogue is soon lifted up to protect the interests of the lower class. However, with too much freedom, no requirements for anyone to rule, and having no interest in assessing the background of their rulers (other than honoring such people because they wish the majority well) the people become easily persuaded by such a demagogue's appeal to try and satisfy people's common, base, and unnecessary pleasures.
The excessive freedoms granted to the citizens of a democracy ultimately leads to a tyranny, the furthest regressed type of government. These freedoms divide the people into three socioeconomic classes: the dominating class, the elites and the commoners. Tensions between the dominating class and the elites cause the commoners to seek out protection of their democratic liberties. They invest all their power in their democratic demagogue, who, in turn, becomes corrupted by the power and becomes a tyrant with a small entourage of his supporters for protection and absolute control of his people.
FOUR MAIN FORMATS
At the end of the 11th century wood sculpture flourished in Catalonia. Carvers used four main formats to represent the Crucifixion:
'Calvaries' where Jesus is represented on the cross with Mary and Joseph.
'Deposition Tableaux', or figures of the good and bad thieves Mary Magdalene, John the Apostle, Nicodemus, and Joseph of Arimathea
'Majestats' where large wooden crucifixes showed a triumphant Christ wearing a colobium (a long sleeveless tunic).
'Nude Majestats' where Christ is wearing only a perizonium (loincloth).
The Batlló Majesty (Catalan: Majestat Batlló, pronounced [məʒəsˈtað βəʎˈʎo]) is a large 12th-century Romanesque wooden crucifix, now in the National Art Museum of Catalonia in Barcelona, Spain. It is one of the most elaborate examples in Catalonia of an image of Christ on the Cross symbolizing his triumph over death.
A FEW YEARS AGO I WENT TO A PROFESSORS OFFICE TO SHOW HIM THE QUADRANT MODEL AND HE SAID THAT HE DIDN'T BELIEVE ME THAT THE QUADRANT MODEL WAS EVERYWHERE IN REALITY AND I TOLD HIM "YOUR MAKERS ARE QUARTET MARKERS"- THE MARKERS ON HIS BOARD WERE THE QUARTET
16 COLORS CRAYONS
The Munsell color wheel prompted Binney & Smith to adopt a similar color wheel concept for Crayola crayons in 1930, using six principal hues (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, and violet) and six intermediate hues (red-orange, yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, and red-violet), for a twelve-color wheel. These were combined with Black, Neutral Gray, White, and Brown to produce a sixteen-color box. Munsell Crayola boxes were discontinued in 1935, although the crayons were produced in specially-marked Crayola boxes until 1944, when wartime shortages made many of the pigments necessary for crayon production unavailable. Munsell crayons were not produced again after the war, but the concept of the color wheel pioneered by Munsell remained a fundamental part of the Crayola lineup until 1990.
FOUR ROWS OF 16 FOUR QUADRANT MODEL 16s
Introduced in 1958, the Crayola No. 64 was Binney & Smith's largest regular assortment for more than thirty years, and featured the last major changes to Crayola colors before 1990.[j] The iconic flip-top box arranged sixty-four crayons in four rows of sixteen, progressively raised to allow for easier access, and a crayon sharpener built into the back of the box.
GROUPS OF 16
Late in 1992, Binney & Smith introduced the Crayola No. 96 Big Box, containing the sixty-four existing colors, as well as sixteen fluorescent crayons, and sixteen unnamed colors, the names of which were to be chosen in a nationwide contest. The winners were announced the following year, and included: Macaroni and Cheese, Asparagus, Granny Smith Apple, Shamrock, Tropical Rain Forest, Robin's Egg Blue, Pacific Blue, Denim, Purple Mountains' Majesty, Wisteria, Cerise, Razzmatazz, Tickle Me Pink, Mauvelous, Tumbleweed, and Timberwolf.
Color 'n Smell
Following previous issues with scented crayons in 1994 and 1995, Binney & Smith released a new line, known as "Magic Scent" crayons in 1997. None of the crayons were named after or given the scent of foods. The sixteen crayons all consisted of regular Crayola colors.
All 16 Crayola Silly Scents crayons
The Silly Scents are produced by Crayola in a 16-pack. The sixteen crayons all consisted of regular Crayola colors.
Heads 'n Tails
All 16 Crayola Heads 'n Tails crayon colors
The eight Heads 'n Tails crayons are double-sided and encased in plastic tubes that function much like the ones on Crayola Twistables. Each crayon has two shades of color, for a total of 16 colors, which are approximated by the background colors and hex RGB values below.
64 PACK FOUR 16S
Pip Squeaks Skinnies 64 pack
Asparagus, Awesome (Hot Pink), Bear Hug, Blue Eyes, Blue Marble, Blue Moon, Blue Sky, Burnt Sienna, Cadet Blue, Cheddar Chip, Cherry Tomato, Chicken Little Blue, Chocolate Chip, Cinnamon Stick, Coral, Cranberry Crush, Dark Sea Green, Four Leaf Clover, Fun In The Sun, Garden Green, Grape Jam, Grasshopper Green, Green, Green Yellow, Green Sprout, Honey Droplets, Inchworm Green, Kitten Gray, Lightning Bug, Little Boy Blue, Mad Magenta, Mandarin Orange, Medium Gray, Melon, Mermaid Tail, Midnight Blue, Mini Magenta, Navy Niblet, Orchid Petals, Peach, Petal Pink, Petite Rose, Pinky Pink, Pint Sized Purple, Popsicle Pink, Raw Sienna, Sassy Salmon, Sea Bubbles (Light Blue), Sepia (Brown-Black), Small Fry Yellow, Small Potatoes, Star Specks, Strawberry Red, Sugar Cube, Sunny Side Up, Sweet Pea Green, Timber Wolf, Tiny Toad Brown, Tip Toe Teal, Tomato Soup, Toy Poodle (Black), Turtle Green, Twist O'S Lime, Violet Petals.
64 BOX FOUR 16S
The Crayola 64 Box is reintroduced in its original packaging, complete with built-in sharpener. A 1958 Crayola 64 Box becomes part of the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History.
During her 2006 Confessions tour, Madonna performed the song “Live to Tell” while hanging from a giant disco cross and wearing a crown of thorns. In a statement released afterward, she said, “I believe in my heart that if Jesus were alive today he would be doing the same thing.”
FOUR NAILS V THREE NAILS FOUR THREE DYNAMIC
USES THE FOUR NAILS
Velázquez followed the accepted iconography in the 17th century. His master, Francisco Pacheco, a big supporter of classicist painting, painted the crucified Christ using the same iconography later adopted by Velázquez: four nails, feet together and supported against a little wooden brace, in a classic contrapposto posture. Both arms draw a subtle curve, instead of forming a triangle. The loincloth is painted rather small, thus showing the nude body as much as possible. The head shows a narrow halo, as if it came from the figure itself; the face is resting on the chest, showing just enough of his features. The long, straight hair covers a great part of the face, perhaps foreshadowing the death, already inflicted as shown by the wound on the right side. It lacks the characteristic dramatic qualities of Baroque painting.
THE CRUCIFIXION IS "THE MOST PRODUCED SUBJECT IN WESTERN ART" THE QUADRANT IS SUPREME
The nudity of the figure is true to the Gospels. Christ's clothing being removed by Roman soldiers is offered as the fulfilment of Psalm 22:18, "They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture." All of the Gospel writers suggest the nakedness, while John supplies the details:
“Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also his coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, ‘They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots.’ These things therefore the soldiers did.”
The sign attached to the cross includes Jesus' accusation inscribed in Hebrew, Greek and Latin. The wording translates "Jesus of Nazareth King of the Jews". All of the evangelists record this inscription, which varies slightly among them. Here the artist favored the rendering from John's Gospel (John 19:19).
Also present is the spear wound inflicted into Jesus’ side by a Roman soldier. His blood is seen here dripping from the wound on his right side.
I POSTD AN ARTICLE A WHILE AGO SHOWING HOW THE LEGS OF THE LAMB REPRESENT THE X/CROSS
"He Never Said a Mumblin' Word" (also known as "They Hung Him on a Cross", "Mumblin' Word", "Crucifixion", and "Easter") is an American spiritual folk song.
The song narrates the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, detailing how he was nailed to the cross, "whooped up the hill", speared in the side, hung his head and died, all the while keeping a dignified silence. Like all traditional music, the lyrics vary from version to version, but maintain the same story.
FOUR TYPES OF ROCKS- JESUS ON CROSS
The paintings contain a number of highly detailed rock formations. Despite the early to mid-15th century date, the conservator Kenneth Bé observes that, to modern geologists "the details, colors, textures, and morphologies in Van Eyck's rendering of rocks yield a plethora of scientifically accurate information". He identifies four distinct rock types. Those in the right foreground are heavily weathered limestone boulders. There are a number of identifiable shell fossils, painted in a dark reddish brown suggesting iron or dark coloured mineral impurities. Behind them is a stratified sedimentary sequence. The mid-ground contains igneous rock, the far distance a pair of jagged peaks.
Saint Francis of Assisi Receiving the Stigmata, c. 1430–32. 29.3 cm × 33.4 cm (11.5 in × 13.1 in), Sabauda Gallery, Turin, Italy
REPETITION OF FOURS IN VITRUVIAN MAN
The Vitruvian Man (Italian: Le proporzioni del corpo umano secondo Vitruvio, which is translated to "The proportions of the human body according to Vitruvius"), or simply L'Uomo Vitruviano (Italian pronunciation: [ˈlwɔːmo vitruˈvjaːno]), is a drawing by Leonardo da Vinciaround 1490. It is accompanied by notes based on the work of the architect Vitruvius. The drawing, which is in pen and ink on paper, depicts a man in two superimposed positions with his arms and legs apart and inscribed in a circle and square. The drawing and text are sometimes called the Canon of Proportions or, less often, Proportions of Man. It is kept in the Gabinetto dei disegni e stampe of the Gallerie dell'Accademia, in Venice, Italy, under reference 228. Like most works on paper, it is displayed to the public only occasionally.
The first paragraph of the upper part reports Vitruvius: "Vetruvio, architect, puts in his work on architecture that the measurements of man are in nature distributed in this manner, that is:
a palm is four fingers
a foot is four palms
a cubit is six palms
four cubits make a man
a pace is four cubits
a man is 24 palms