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Fards in Wuzoo
THERE ARE FOUR FARA'ID (MANDATORY ACTS) IN AN ABLUTION. 
1-To wash the face once. 
2-To wash the two arms together with the elbows once. 
3-To apply masah on the one-fourth of the head, that is, to rub a wet hand softly on it. 
4-To wash the feet, together with the ankle-bones on the side once.

http://www.islamicacademy.org/html/Learn_Now/English/Wazoo.htm

The four word phrase lā ilāha illā allh, commonly known as the tahlīl (meaning rejoicing or jubilation), is written in Arabic as:
and has been translated into English as:
...there is no god but Allāh... 
tr by Abdullah Yusuf Ali
...there is no God save Allāh,... 
tr by Muhammad Pickthall
...there is no god but Allāh...
tr by M.H. Shakir
...there is no god but Allāh... 
tr by Faruq Malik
...there is no deity save God... 
tr by Muhammad Asad
... there is nothing to worship or adore other than Allāh...
tr by wahiduddin
The four individual words in the phrase lā ilāha illā allāh, have the following meanings:
lā = no, not, none, neither
ilāha = a god, deity, object of worship
illā = but, except (illā is a contraction of in-lā, literally if not)
allāh = allāh
The tahlil is very important in islam and is recited a lot. It has four words and each word is connected by the l sound and a sound through alliteration and assonance. That is the nature of the quadrant model. There are four parts and they are all connected.
(quoted from an unknown website)

http://www.islamicity.com/forum/printer_friendly_posts.asp?TID=15859

The four main salat postures and associated prayers and recitations.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Salat_Positions_and_Prayers_-_transparent_background_-_RGB.jpg

Types of prayers[edit]
Prayers in Islam are classified into four categories based on degrees of obligation: fard, wajib, sunnah, and nafl.[34]

Fard Salah[edit]
The Fard Salah are all of the compulsory Muslim prayers - the five daily prayers, as well as the Friday prayer (Salat al-Jumu'ah) and the Eid prayers (Eid prayers). Non-performance of any these prayers renders one a non-Muslim according to the stricter Hanbali madhhab of Sunni Islam, while the other Sunni madhhabs simply consider doing so a major sin. However, all four madhhabs agree by consensus that denial of the compulsory status of these prayers invalidates the faith of those who do so, rendering them non-Muslim. Fardh prayers (as with all fard actions) are further classed as fard al-ayn (obligation of the self) and fard al-kifayah (obligation of sufficiency). Fard al-Ayn are actions considered obligatory on individuals, for which the individual will be held to account if the actions are neglected. Fard al-Kifayah are actions considered obligatory on the Muslim community at large, so that if some people within the community carry it out no Muslim is considered blameworthy, but if no one carries it out, all incur a collective punishment.

Men are required to perform the fard salat in congregation (jama'ah), behind an imam when they are able. According to most Islamic scholars, performing prayers in congregation is mustahabb (recommended) for men,[35] when they are able, but is neither required nor forbidden for women.

The Five Daily Prayers[edit]

Display showing prayer times in a Turkish mosque.

I. Fajr, II. Zuhr, III. Asr, IV. Maghrib, V. Isha
Muslims are commanded to perform prayers five times a day. These prayers are obligatory on every Muslim who has reached the age of puberty, with the exception being those who are mentally ill, too physically ill for it to be possible, menstruating, or experiencing postnatal bleeding. Those who are ill or otherwise physically unable to offer their prayers in the traditional form are permitted to offer their prayers while sitting or lying, as they are able. The five prayers are each assigned to certain prescribed times (al waqt) at which they must be performed, unless there is a compelling reason for not being able to perform them on time. These times are measured according to the movement of the sun. These are: near dawn (fajr), after midday has passed and the sun starts to tilt downwards / Noon (zuhr), in the afternoon (asr), just after sunset (maghrib) and around nightfall (Isha). Under some circumstances ritual worship can be shortened or combined (according to prescribed procedures). In case a ritual worship is not performed at the right time, it must be performed later.

Some Muslims offer voluntary prayers (sunna rawatib) immediately before and after the prescribed fard prayers. Sunni Muslims classify these prayers as sunnah, while Shi'ah consider them nafil. The number of rakats for each of the five obligatory prayers as well as the voluntary prayers (before and after) are listed below:

Name Prescribed time period (waqt) Voluntary before fard[t 1] Obligatory Voluntary after fard[t 1]
Sunni Shi'a Sunni Shi'a
Fajr
(فجر) Dawn to sunrise, should be read at least 10–15 minutes before sunrise 2 Rakats Sunnat-Mu'akkadah[t 1] 2 Rakats[t 1] 2 Rakats[t 1] — 2 Rakats[t 1]
Zuhr
(ظهر) After true noon until Asr 4 Rakats Sunnat-Mu'akkadah[t 2] 4 Rakats 4 Rakats[t 3] 2 Rakats Sunnat-Mu'akkadah[t 2] 8 Rakats[t 1][t 4][t 5]
Asr
(عصر) Afternoon[t 6][t 7] 4 Rakats Sunnat-Ghair-Mu'akkdah 4 Rakats 4 Rakats - 8 Rakats[t 1][t 4][t 5]
Maghrib
(مغرب) After sunset until dusk - 3 Rakats 3 Rakats 2 Rakats Sunnat-Mu'akkadah[t 2] 2 Rakats[t 1][t 4][t 5]
Isha (عشاء)[t 8] Dusk until dawn[t 7] 4 Rakats Sunnat-Ghair-Mu'akkadah 4 Rakats 4 Rakats 2 Rakats Sunnat-Mu'akkadah,[t 2]
3 Rakats Witr 2 Rakats[t 1][t 4][t 5]
Sunni Muslims also perform two rakats nafl (voluntary) after the Zuhr and Maghrib prayers. During the Isha prayer, they perform the two rakats nafl after the two Sunnat-Mu'akkadah and after the witr prayer.

Table notes

^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j According to Shia Muslims, these are to be performed in sets of two rakats each. This is not the case for Sunni Muslims.
^ Jump up to: a b c d According to Sunni Muslims, there is a difference between Sunnat-Mu'akkadah (obligatory) and Sunnat-Ghair-Mu'akkadah (voluntary). Unlike for the Sunnat-Ghair-Mu'akkadah, the Sunnat-Mu'akkadah was prayed by Muhammed daily.
Jump up ^ Replaced by Jumu'ah on Fridays, which consists of two rakats.
^ Jump up to: a b c d Mustahab (praiseworthy) to do everyday. (Shias)
^ Jump up to: a b c d According to Shia Muslims, this prayer is termed nawafil.
Jump up ^ According to Imam Abu Hanifa, "Asr starts when the shadow of an object becomes twice its height (plus the length of its shadow at the start time of Zuhr)." For the rest of Imams, "Asr starts when the shadow of an object becomes equal to its length (plus the length of its shadow at the start time of Zuhr)." Asr ends as the sun begins to set.
^ Jump up to: a b According to Shia Muslims, Asr prayer and Isha prayer have no set times but are performed from mid-day. Zuhr and Asr prayers must be performed before sunset, and the time for Asr prayer starts after Zuhr has been performed. Maghrib and Isha prayers must be performed before midnight, and the time for Isha prayer can start after Maghrib has been performed, as long as no more light remains in the western sky signifying the arrival of the true night.
Jump up ^ Further information on the usage of the word "Isha" (evening) see Quran 12:16, Quran 79:46
Jumu'ah[edit]
Main article: Jumu'ah

Jumu'ah at Kaohsiung Mosque, Taiwan.
Salat al-Jumu'ah is a congregational prayer on Friday, which replaces the Zuhr prayer. It is compulsory upon men to perform it in congregation, while women may perform it so or may perform Zuhr salat instead. Salat al-Jumu'ah consists of a sermon (khutba) given by the speaker (khatib) after which two rakats are performed. There is no Salat al-Jumu'ah without a khutba.

Name Prescribed time period (waqt) Voluntary before fard Obligatory Voluntary after fard
Sunni Shi'a Sunni Shi'a
Jumu'ah
(جمعة) After true noon until Asr 4 Rakats Sunnat-Mu'akkadah ? 2 Rakats 4 Rakats Sunnat-Mu'akkadah,
2 Rakats Sunnat-Mu'akkadah ?
Wajib salat[edit]
Wajib As-salat are compulsory, non-performance of which renders one a sinner. However, the evidence of the obligation is open to interpretation, with some of the madhab saying it is obligatory while others saying it is optional. To deny that a fard salah is obligatory is an act of disbelief while denying the obligation of a wajib salat is not disbelief. There are some who believe that as the 5 prayers are obligatory, it automatically renders all other prayers optional.

Sunnah salah[edit]
Main article: Sunnah salah

Though not a mandatory part of the course, most Muslims supplicate after completing salah.
Sun'nah sal'ah are optional and were additional voluntary prayers performed by Muhammad — they are of two types[citation needed]— the Sunnah Mu'akkaddah, those practiced on a regular basis, which if abandoned cause the abandoner to be regarded as sinful by the Hanafi School and the Sunnah Ghair Mu'akkaddah, those practiced on a semi-regular practice by Muhammad about which all are agreed that their abandonment doesn't render one sinful.

Certain sunnah prayers have prescribed waqts associated with them. Those ordained for before each of the fard prayers must be performed between the first call to prayer (adhan) and the second call (iqama), which signifies the start of the fard prayer.[44] Those sunnah ordained for after the fard prayers can be performed any time between the end of the fard prayers and the end of the current prayer's waqt.[44] Any amount of extra rakats may be offered, but most madha'ib prescribe a certain number of rakats for each sunnah salah.

Nafl salah[edit]
Main article: Nafl salah
Nafl salah (supererogatory prayers) are voluntary, and one may offer as many as he or she likes almost any time.[45] There are many specific conditions or situations when one may wish to offer nafl prayers. They cannot be offered at sunrise, true noon, or sunset.[46] The prohibition against salah at these times is to prevent the practice of sun worship.

Salat-al-Witr[edit]
Main article: Witr
Witr is performed after the salah of Isha (dusk). Some Muslims consider witr wajib while others consider it optional. It may contain any odd number of rakats from one to eleven according to the different schools of jurisprudence. However, Witr is most commonly offered with three rakats.

To end prayers for the night after Isha, the odd numbered rakats must have the niyyah of "wajib-ul-Lail", which is mandatory to "close" one's salah for that day.

Shi'ahs offer this as a one rakat salah at the end of salatul layl (the night prayer), which is an optional prayer according to some shi'ah scholars, and a wajib (obligatory) prayer according to others. This is to be prayed any time after Isha, up until fajr. The best time to pray it is the last third of the night (the night being divided into three, between maghrib and fajr of that night). It is considered highly meritorious by all shi'ah Muslims, and is said to bring numerous benefits to the believer, mainly gaining proximity to Allah. There are various methods of salatul-layl's performance, including shorter and longer versions, in the longer version the believer must perform 8 nawafil salah, in sets of 2 rakats each, then they must pray a 2 rakats salah called 'salatul shafa'ah' this is to include surah nas after surah fatihah in the first rakat and surah falaq after surah fatihah in the secound rakat, and unusually no qunut (a du'ah recited before going into ruku' of the second rakat of most prayers performed by shi'ahs) It is after this that the believer performs salatul witr, it's long method being - Starting with takbiratul ehram, then surah fatihah, then surah ikhlas, then surah falaq, then surah nas, then the hands are raised to recite qunut, upon which the believer can recite any du'a, however there are many recommended du'as for this purpose. Within qunut, the believer must pray for the forgiveness of 40 believers, then further prayers are read where the believer asks for forgiveness for himself a certain number of times using specified phrases and amounts of times to repeat those phrases. The believer then completes the salah in the usual way, by completing his qunut, reciting takbir whilst rasing his hands, going into ruku' and reciting the usual phrase for that, then returning up right and reciting takbir whilst doing so and upon being upright recites 'sami allahu liman hamida' (verily Allah has heard the one who has praised him) thereupon the believer recites takbir whilst raising his hands and goes into sajda. He recites the proscribed phrase in sajda rises, recites takbir whilst rising and then again whilst returnin to sajdah, then rises with takbir again and recites tashahud and salam, thus ending this prayer. It is then optional to recite certain other du'as and dhikr (remembrance of Allah through certain phrases and some of his names being repeated) It is then recommended to perform and sajdah ash-shukr (prostration of thanks) and to then recite ayatul kursi (verse of the throne) and then perform another sajdah ash-shukr.

Eid[edit]
Main article: Salat al Eid

Women praying in Najaf, Iraq in Eid ul-Fitr
Eid salah is performed on the morning of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. The Eid prayer is most likely an individual obligation (fard al-ayn) and Niyyah for both Eid salah is made as Wajib, though some Islamic scholars argue it is only a collective of the obligation(fard al-kifayah).[47] It consists of two rakats, with seven (or three for the followers Imam Hanafi) takbirs offered before the start of the first rakat and five (or three for the followers of Imam Hanafi) before the second. After the salah is completed, a sermon (khutbah) is offered. However, the khutbah is not an integral part of the Eid salah.[48] The Eid salah must be offered between sunrise and true noon i.e. between the time periods for Fajr and Zuhr.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salah

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minaret

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Quba_Mosque.JPG

The four minarets of Quba Mosque, the first mosque in history built by Muhammad upon arrival in Medina, Saudi Arabia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minarets_of_the_Temple_Mount

Minarets of the Temple Mount
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The minarets are situated around the edges of the compound. In this picture, three minarets can be seen on the left and one at the top.
The Temple Mount has four minarets on the southern, northern and western sides.

Contents [hide] 
1 Four minarets
2 Proposed fifth minaret
3 Gallery
4 References
Four minarets[edit]
The first minaret, known as al-Fakhariyya Minaret, was built in 1278 on the southwestern corner of the mosque, on the orders of the Mamluk sultan Lajin. It was named after Fakhr al-Din al-Khalili, the father of Sharif al-Din Abd al-Rahman who supervised the building's construction. It was built in the traditional Syrian style, with a square-shaped base and shaft, divided by moldings into three floors above which two lines of muqarnas decorate the muezzin's balcony. The niche is surrounded by a square chamber that ends in a lead-covered stone dome.[1]

The second, known as the Ghawanima minaret, was built at the northwestern corner of the Noble Sanctuary in 1297–98 by architect Qadi Sharaf al-Din al-Khalili, also on the orders of the Sultan Lajin. Six stories high, it is the tallest minaret of the Noble Sanctuary.[2] The tower is almost entirely made of stone, apart from a timber canopy over the muezzin's balcony. Because of its firm structure, the Ghawanima minaret has been nearly untouched by earthquakes. The minaret is divided into several stories by stone molding and stalactite galleries. The first two stories are wider and form the base of the tower. The additional four stories are surmounted by a cylindrical drum and a bulbous dome. The stairway is externally located on the first two floors, but becomes an internal spiral structure from the third floor until it reaches the muezzin's balcony.[3]

In 1329, Tankiz—the Mamluk governor of Syria—ordered the construction of a third minaret called the Bab al-Silsila Minaret located on the western border of the al-Aqsa Mosque. This minaret, possibly replacing an earlier Umayyad minaret, is built in the traditional Syrian square tower type and is made entirely out of stone.[4] Since the 16th-century, it has been tradition that the best muezzin ("reciter") of the adhan (the call to prayer), is assigned to this minaret because the first call to each of the five daily prayers is raised from it, giving the signal for the muezzins of mosques throughout Jerusalem to follow suit.[5]

The last and most notable minaret was built in 1367, and is known as Minaret al-Asbat. It is composed of a cylindrical stone shaft (built later by the Ottomans), which springs up from a rectangular Mamluk-built base on top of a triangular transition zone.[6] The shaft narrows above the muezzin's balcony, and is dotted with circular windows, ending with a bulbous dome. The dome was reconstructed after the 1927 earthquake.[6]

Proposed fifth minaret[edit]
There are no minarets in the eastern portion of the mosque. However, in 2006, King Abdullah II of Jordan announced his intention to build a fifth minaret overlooking the Mount of Olives. The King Hussein Minaret is planned to be the tallest structure in the Old City of Jerusalem.[7][8]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minarets_of_the_Temple_Mount

http://taggedwiki.zubiaga.org/new_content/14e935387fbca518b7acd0a0a6a9a050

 

Al-Ħajaru al-Aswad, "the Black Stone", is located on the Kaaba's eastern corner. Its northern corner is known as the Ruknu l-ˤĪrāqī, "the Iraqi corner", its western as the Ruknu sh-Shāmī, "the Levantine corner", and its southern as Ruknu l-Yamanī, "the Yemeni corner".[1][12] The four corners of the Kaaba roughly point toward the four cardinal directions of the compass.[1] Its major (long) axis is aligned with the rising of the star Canopus toward which its southern wall is directed, while its minor axis (its east-west facades) roughly align with the sunrise of summer solstice and the sunset of winter solstice.[13][14]

I'm a paragraph. Click here to add your own text and edit me. It's easy.

THE FOUR SUNNI SCHOOLS

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madhhab

 

It has been asserted that madhhab were consolidated in the 9th and 10th centuries as a means of excluding dogmatic theologians, government officials and non-Sunni sects from religious discourse.[4] Historians have differed regarding the times at which the various schools emerged. One interpretation is that Sunni Islam was initially[when?] split into four groups: the Hanafites, Malikites, Shafi'ites and Zahirites.[5] Later, the Hanbalites and Jarirites developed two more schools; then various dynasties effected the eventual exclusion of the Jarirites;[6] eventually, the Zahirites were also excluded when the Mamluk Sultanate established a total of four independent judicial positions, thus solidifying the Maliki, Hanafi, Shafi'i and Hanbali schools.[4] The Ottoman Empire later reaffirmed the official status of these four schools as a reaction to Shi'ite Persia.[7] Some are of the view that Sunni jurisprudence falls into two groups: Ahl al-Ra'i ("people of opinions", emphasizing scholarly judgment and reason) and Ahl al-Hadith ("people of traditions", emphasizing strict interpretation of scripture)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_calendar

THE FOURTH IS DIFFERENT- THE FOUR SACRED MONTHS FOR MUSLIMS

Four of the twelve Hijri months are considered sacred: Rajab (7), and the three consecutive months of Dhū al-Qa‘dah (11), Dhu al-Ḥijjah (12) and Muḥarram (1)

 

In the tenth year of the Hijra, as documented in the Qur'an (Sura At-Tawba (9):36–37), God revealed the "prohibition of the Nasī’".

The number of the months, with God, is twelve in the Book of God, the day that He created the heavens and the earth; four of them are sacred. That is the right religion. So wrong not each other during them. And fight the unbelievers totally even as they fight you totally and know that God is with the godfearing. Know that intercalation (nasi) is an addition to disbelief. Those who disbelieve are led to error thereby, making it lawful in one year and forbidden in another in order to adjust the number of (the months) made sacred by God and make the sacred ones permissible. The evil of their course appears pleasing to them. But God gives no guidance to those who disbelieve.

— Sura 9 ("At-Tawba"), ayat 36–37[24]

NOTICE HOW ONE OF THE FOUR SACRED MONTHS OF ISLAM "STANDS ALONE"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_calendar

Among these twelve months four are sacred, namely, Rajab, which stands alone, and three others which are consecutive.

 

— Translated by Sherrard Beaumont Burnaby[25]

CHIASMUS IS CROSS- STORY OF JOSEPH IS CRUCIFIXION STORY

https://ponderingislam.com/2015/09/29/chiastic-structure-in-surah-yusuf/

Chiastic Structure in Surah Yusuf

 

September 29, 2015 Taha Qur'anic StudiesQuran

A chiastic structure, also known as a ring structure, is a type of poetic structure found commonly in ancient texts such as the Bible. The Qur’an also utilizes such a structure at various points in its discourse. I came across the following observation about Surah Yusuf in Neal Robinson’s Discovering the Qur’an – A contemporary approach to a veiled text:

 

chiasmus yusuf

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.fanzetech.holyquran&hl=en

16 Line Holy Quran is especially designed for Hafiz, Muslims who completely memorize Quran in madrasa, school and religious institutions. This special edition has a specific standard format of sixteen lines per page and every page ends with an ayat.

https://muslimmosques1.wordpress.com/2014/11/09/mashkhur-jusup-central-mosque-kazakhstan/

There are four minarets in Mashkhur Jusup Central Mosque, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan

https://muslimmosques1.wordpress.com/2014/11/09/mashkhur-jusup-central-mosque-kazakhstan/

There are four minarets in Mashkhur Jusup Central Mosque, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan

FOUR STATIONS THE FOURTH IS DIFFERENT/TRANSCENDENT

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tariqa

A Tariqa (or tariqah; Arabic: طريقة ṭarīqah) is the term for a school or order of Sufism, or especially for the mystical teaching and spiritual practices of such an order with the aim of seeking Haqīqah, which translates as "ultimate truth".

A Tariqa has a Murshid (guide) who plays the role of leader or spiritual director. The members or followers of a tariqa are known as Murīdīn (singular Murīd), meaning "desirous", viz. "desiring the knowledge of knowing God and loving God" (also called a Faqīr فقير)

The metaphor of "way, path" is to be understood in connection of the term sharia which also has the meaning of "path", more specifically "well-trodden path; path to the waterhole". The "path" metaphor of tariqa is that of a further path, taken by the mystic, which continues from the "well-trodden path" or exoteric of sharia towards the esoteric haqiqa. A fourth "station" following the succession of shariah, tariqa and haqiqa is called marifa. This is the "unseen center" of haqiqa, and the ultimate aim of the mystic, corresponding to the unio mystica in Western mysticism. Tasawwuf, Arabic word that refers to mysticism and Islamic esotericism, is known in the West as Sufism.[

The fourth is always transcendent

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_Doors

Four Doors is the concept in tasawwuf, and to a lesser extent in other branches of Islam such as Ismailism and Alevism, that there are four paths to Allah, starting with Sharia, then to Tariqa, then to Marifa, then to Haqiqa.

THE MOST FAMOUS VERSE OF THE QURAN IS THE THRONE VERSE AND IT IS A CHIASMUS- CHIASM IS CROSS

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Baqara_255

Ayat al-Kursi displays an internal symmetry comprising concentric looping verses surrounding a pivotal chiasm 'x' of the type A B C D X D' C' B' A'. The reciter imagines him or herself walking through Ayat al-Kursi until reaching the centre, seeing what is in front and what is behind, and finds they represent a perfect reflection of each other. The central chiasm is represented by "Ya'lamu ma baina aidihim wa ma khalfahum = He knows what is before them and what is behind them". This is flanked symmetrically outwards so that A corresponds to A', B corresponds to B', and so forth. For example, line 3 "he is the lord of the heavens and the earth" corresponds to line 7 "his throne extends over heavens and earth".

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abraham_in_Islam

The second passage has one mainstream interpretation amongst the Qur’anic commentators, that Abraham took four birds and cut them up, placing pieces of each on nearby hills; when he called out to them, each piece joined and four birds flew back to Abraham.[34] This miracle, as told by the Qur’anic passage, was a demonstration by God to show Abraham how God gave life to the dead.

THE FOUR FAMILIES SELECTED ABOVE ALL THE WORLDS ISLAM  

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abraham_in_Islam

The Quran emphasizes upon Abraham's significance as it states that Abraham's family, Noah, Adam and the family of Amram were the four selected by God above all the worlds.

IN THE QURAN NOAH HAD FOUR SONS THE FOURTH DROWNED- THE FOURTH IS ALWAYS DIFFERENT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noah

In the Qur'an, Noah originally had four sons, but they are not named. After the Flood ended, the Ark rested atop Mount Judi (Quran 11:44).

THE FOURTH IS ALWAYS DIFFERENT- NOAH FOUR SONS- FOURTH DIFFERENT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noah_in_Islam

 

Islamic scholars agree that Noah had four sons whose names were Ham, Shem, Yam and Japheth. According to the Quran, one of Noah's sons was a disbeliever who refused to come aboard the Ark, instead preferring to climb a mountain, where he drowned

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tariqa

"Tariqat" in the Four Spiritual Stations: The Four Stations, sharia, tariqa, haqiqa. The fourth station, marifa, which is considered "unseen", is actually the center of the haqiqa region. It's the essence of all four stations.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tariqa

 

The four main tariqas in South Asia are: the Naqshbandi Order, named after Baha-ud-Din Naqshband Bukhari; the Qadiri Order, named after Abdul Qadir Jilani; the Chishti Order, named after Khawaja Mawdood Chisti while Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti is the most famous sheikh; the Suhrawardi Order, named after Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bidokht_8810_(19)-W.jpg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sufism

SHRINE OF THE FOUR MASTERS

Mazar e Soltani, Bidokht, Gonabad County. Shrine of four Qutbs (masters) of the Nimatullahi Sufi order

ANGLES FOUR WINGS

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azazel

According to Abd Allah ibn Abbas Azazel was the most knowledgeable, honourable and therefore a teacher of the angel and described as having four wings.[29] He was also the leader of angels, who fought against the evil jinn on earth.[30] He was called a Jinn (because he was veiled from the eyes of the other regular angels, owing to his special position).[31] But his position led him become arrogant and after he refused to bow before the newly created Adam he was turned into a Shayṭān (Arabic: شيطان).

FORTY IN ISLAM

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/40_(number)

Islam[edit]

Muhammad was forty years old when he first received the revelation delivered by the archangel Gabriel.

Masih ad-Dajjal roams around the Earth in forty days, a period of time that can be as many as forty months, forty years, and so on.

God forbade the Fasiqun (the non-believers) from entering the Holy Land for 40 years to separate them from Musa (Moses) and his brother.[10]

Musa (Moses) spent 40 days on Mount Sinai where he received the 10 commandments.[11]

On the 40th verse (ayat) of the 2nd chapter of the Quran (Al-Baqarah) God changes the topic.

Forty was the number of days that Prophet Ilyas (Elijah) spent in the wilderness before the angel appeared to him with God's message on Mount Horeb.[citation needed]

Forty was the number of days that Prophet Isa (Jesus) was tempted in the desert by Satan.[citation needed]

Muhammad praying and fasting in the cave for 40 days.[citation needed]

Muhammad then had 40 followers to spread the religion of Islam.[citation needed]

Prophets Dawuud and Suleiman each ruled for forty years.[citation needed]

Regarding the flood that Noah encountered, it is said that for forty days water continued to pour from the heavens and to stream out over the earth.[citation needed]

There is also a hadith from Mohammad that the prayers of a person who gossips would not be accepted for forty days and nights. (Al-Kafi, Vol. 6, p. 400)

Imam Ali has narrated from Mohammad that one who memorizes and preserves forty hadith relating to their religious needs shall be raised by God as a learned scholar on the Day of Resurrection.[citation needed]

It is said that a person’s intellect attains maturity in forty years, everyone according to his own capacity.[12]

It is believed that one who assists a blind man for forty steps becomes worthy of entering heaven.[citation needed]

Imam Baghir has said: “The prayers of someone who drinks wine are not accepted for forty days.”[citation needed]

Believers have also been encouraged to devote themselves to God Almighty for forty days to see the springs of wisdom break forth from their hearts and flow from their tongues.[citation needed]

Mourning period officially last for 40 days.[citation needed]

https://www.amazon.com/Archangel-Messenger-Religious-Figurine-Sculpture/dp/B00YWJL6QC

 

In Islam, Gabriel (Jibra'il) is considered one of the four archangels whom God sent with his divine message to various prophets, including Muhammad.[6] The 96th chapter of the Quran, sura Al-Alaq, is believed by Muslims to be the first surah revealed by Gabriel to Muhammad.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosque

During Seljuq rule, as Islamic mysticism was on the rise, the four-iwan arrangement took form. The four-iwan format, finalized by the Seljuqs, and later inherited by the Safavids, firmly established the courtyard façade of such mosques, with the towering gateways at every side, as more important than the actual buildings themselves

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Temple

The four entrances (representing the four directions) to get into the Harmandir Sahib also symbolise the openness of the Sikhs towards all people and religions.

 

Some of the architectural features of the Harmandir Sahib were intended to be symbolic of the Sikh world view.[21] Instead of the normal custom of building a gurdwara on high land, it was built at a lower level than the surrounding land so that devotees would have to go down steps to enter it.[21] In addition, instead of one entrance, Sri Harmandir Sahib has four entrances.[21]

 

The gurdwara is surrounded by the Sarovar, a large lake or holy tank, which consists of Amrit ("holy water" or "immortal nectar") and is fed by the Ravi River. There are four entrances to the gurdwara, signifying the importance of acceptance and openness. There are three holy trees (bers), each signifying a historical event or Sikh saint. Inside the gurdwara there are many memorial plaques that commemorate past Sikh historical events, saints and martyrs, including commemorative inscriptions of all the Sikh soldiers who died fighting in World War I and World War II.

FOUR ORDERS

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chishti_Order

The Chishti Order is primarily followed in Afghanistan and Indian subcontinent. It was the first of the four main Sufi orders (Chishti, Qadiriyya, Suhrawardiyya and Naqshbandi) to be established in this region. Moinuddin Chishti introduced the Chishti Order in Lahore (Punjab) and Ajmer (Rajasthan), sometime in the middle of the 12th century CE. He was eighth in the line of succession from the founder of the Chishti Order, Abu Ishq Shami. There are now several branches of the order, which has been the most prominent South Asian Sufi brotherhood since the 12th century.[2]

 

The Encyclopedia of Islam divides Chishti history into four periods:

 

Era of the great shaykhs (circa 597/1200 to 757/1356)

Era of the provincial khānaḳāhs (8th/14th & 9th/15th centuries)

Rise of the Ṣābiriyya branch (9th/15th century onwards)

Revival of the Niẓāmiyya branch (12th/18th century onwards[10])

 

As a result of this merging of the Chishti order with other branches, most Sufi masters now initiate their disciples in all the four major orders of South Asia: Chishti, Suhrawadi, Qadri, and Naqshbandi. They do however, teach devotional practices typical of the order with which they are primarily associated.

FOUR SQUARES

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kufic

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Kufic_Muhammad.jpg

Another example of geometric or square Kufic script, showing four instances of the name Muhammad; often used as a tilework pattern in Islamic architecture

FOUR WORKS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_holy_books
Among the books considered to be revealed, the four mentioned by name in the Quran are the Tawrat revealed to Musa, the Zabur revealed to Dawud, the Injil revealed to Jesus, and the Quran revealed to Muhammad.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Four_Books
The Four Books (Arabic: الكتب الاربعة‎, translit. Al-Kutub Al-Arb‘ah‎) is a Twelver Shia term referring to their four best-known hadith collections:

Name Collector No. of
hadith
Kitab al-Kafi [a] Muhammad ibn Ya'qub al-Kulayni al-Razi (329 AH) 16,199
Man la yahduruhu al-Faqih Muhammad ibn Babawayh 9,044
Tahdhib al-Ahkam Shaykh Muhammad Tusi 13,590
Al-Istibsar Shaykh Muhammad Tusi

I DESCRIBED THERE WERE FOUR MAJOR CALIPHATES OF ISLAM- THEY ARE CALLED THE FOUR MAJOR CALIPHATES- THERE WERE OTHER CALIPHATES THAT TRIED TO TAKE THESE FOUR OVER THAT LASTED MAYBE FOR A YEAR OR TWO THAT RULED ALONGSIDE THESE FOUR- BUT THEY WERE ALL UNSUCCESSFUL IN GETTING POWER- THERE WERE FOUR MUSLIM CALIPHATES THE FOURTH WAS DIFFERENT THE FIRST WAS GOOD

THE FIRST MUSLIM CALIPHATE WAS THE RASHIDUN CALIPHS WHO WERE FOUR CALIPHS CALLED "THE FOUR RIGHTLY GUIDED CALIPHS"- THE FOURTH WAS DIFFERENT

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rashidun_Caliphate

Notably, according to Sunnis, the first four Rashidun Caliphs (Abu Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthman and ‘Ali) were connected to Muhammad through marriage, were early converts to Islam,[7] were among ten who were explicitly promised paradise, were his closest companions by association and support, and were often highly praised by Muhammad and delegated roles of leadership within the nascent Muslim community. As for the fifth Caliph, ‘Ali's son Al-Hasan, as a son of Fatimah, he was a grandson of Muhammad.[1]

THE FOUR COMPANIONS OF MUHAMMAD BPBUH ACCORDING TO SHIA

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Four_Companions

The Four Companions, also called the Four Pillars of the Sahaba is a Shi'a term that refers to the four Sahaba Shi'a believe stayed most loyal to Imam Ali after the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad:

 

Abū Dhar al-Ghifāri

Ammār ibn Yāsir

Miqdad ibn Aswād al-Kindi

Salman the Persian

BAHAUALLAH ABOUT THE FOUR MEN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salman_the_Persian

Bahá’í view[edit]

In the Kitáb-i-Íqán, Bahá'u'lláh honours Salman for having been told about the coming of the prophet Muhammad:

 

As to the signs of the invisible heaven, there appeared four men who successively announced unto the people the joyful tidings of the rise of that divine Luminary. Rúz-bih, later named Salmán, was honoured by being in their service. As the end of one of these approached, he would send Rúz-bih unto the other, until the fourth who, feeling his death to be nigh, addressed Rúz-bih saying: 'O Rúz-bih! when thou hast taken up my body and buried it, go to Hijáz for there the Day-star of Muhammad will arise. Happy art thou, for thou shalt behold His face!'

THE UMAYYAD CALIPHATE ONE OF THE FOUR MAJOR CALIPHATES- "second of the four major caliphates" as I discussed MUSLIMS CALL THEM THE FOUR MAJOR CALIPHATES THERE WERE OTHER "ATTEMPTED CALIPHATES" GROUPS THAT CALLED THEMSELVES CALIPHATES THAT TRIED TO TAKE OVER AND RULED ALONGSIDE THE FOUR MAJOR ONES FOR A YEAR OR TWO BUT NONE WERE SUCCESFUL THERE WERE FOUR MAJOR CALIPHATES

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umayyad_Caliphate
The Umayyad Caliphate (Arabic: الخلافة الأموية‎‎, trans. Al-Khilāfah al-ʾumawiyya), also spelled Omayyad,[1] was the second of the four major caliphates established after the death of Muhammad.

UMAYYAD FOUR BRANCHES- I ALSO DISCUSSED THAT THE SPARTANS HAD FOUR RULING BODIES SOLON DIVIDED THE GREEK PEOPLE INTO FOUR GROUPS THE QUADRANT MODEL IS THE GREATEST THEORY IN HISTORY IT IS THE FORM OF BEING

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umayyad_Caliphate

One of Muawiya's first tasks was to create a stable administration for the empire. He followed the main ideas of the Byzantine Empire which had ruled the same region previously, and had four main governmental branches: political and military affairs, tax collection, and religious administration. Each of these was further subdivided into more branches, offices, and departments.

FOUR DIVISIONS OF QURAN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodor_Nöldeke

According to the Nöldeke Chronology, the 114 Suras of the Qur'an are divided into four groupings:

 

48 Suras under the First Meccan Period

21 Suras under the Second Meccan Period

21 Suras under the Third Meccan Period

24 Suras under the Medinan Period

The Egyptian Edition, which was crafted 1924, is an adaptation of Nöldeke's work.

 

The Nöldeke Chronology institutes a sort of "canonical order" that comes to systematize the sequence of revelation in a more coherent and comprehensive arrangement, thus aiding in the scholarly (theological, literary, and historical) interpretation of the Qur'an.[1] Although it does not have universal acceptance, the Nöldeke Chronology is used as a general guide within current scholarship.[2]

THE FOUR SCHOOLS OF LAW IN ISLAM

http://free-islamic-course.org/stageone/stageone-module-4/four-schools-law-islam.html

The vast majority of Muslims give this right of independent reasoning to only four ancient Muslim theologians and jurists who lived in the first three centuries of Islam. These four fuqaha are:

Imam Abu Hanifa of Kufa

Imam Malik bin Anas of Medinah

Imam Muhammad al-Shafi of Medinah

Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal of Baghdad

Although a number of other jurists also became popular during their times, only the above four are now recognised by the vast majority of Sunni Muslims. These four great jurists and theologians tried to systemise the Islamic law into a comprehensive rational system which covered all possible legal situations. The four prominent schools of Islamic law are named after their founders and are called the Hanafiyya, the Malikiyya, the Shafiyya, and the Hanbaliyya schools of religious law.

Most Muslims regard these four schools as equally valid interpretations of the religious law of Islam. These schools are in good agreement on all essential aspects of the religion of Islam. They all acknowledge the authority of the Holy Qur’an and the Traditions as the ultimate source of the Islamic law. Only in areas and situations where these two sources are silent, do the four schools use their independent reasoning in which they may differ with each other.

FOUR AYAT
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Ikhlas
Sūrat al-Ikhlāṣ (Arabic: سورة الإخلاص‎‎, "Fidelity" or "Sincerity"), also known as Sūrat al-Tawḥīd (Arabic: سورة التوحيد‎‎, "Monotheism") is the 112th Sura of the Qur'an. In the early years of Islam, the sūrahs of the Quran came to be known by several different names, sometimes varying by region.[1] This sūrah was among those to receive many different titles. It is a short declaration of tawhid, God's absolute oneness, consisting of 4 ayat. Al-Ikhlas means "the purity" or "the refining".

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kashf
"Between God (mighty and sublime) and creation are 70,000 veils. The nearest of creatures to God (mighty and sublime) are Gabriel, Michael, and Raphael, and between them and Him are four veils: a veil of fire, a veil of darkness, a veil of cloud, and a veil of water." [5]

http://www.wordswithoutborders.org/article/of-the-tree-and-its-four-birds

Through an audacity of question and answer, in a sort of active submission to the Reality's fullness of will, in a dialogue of extreme spiritual subtlety dense with Quranic allusion and references to the Shaikh's own extensive terminology-much of which must be lost upon the neophyte reader but which registers as strong gnostic drama regardless2 -Ibn 'Arabi finally arrives at the book's central image of revelation: a Tree with four Birds in its branches. Our author will converse with each of them.

ARABI FOUR CONSTITUTENTS OF NATURE

https://archive.org/stream/IbnArabiTimeAndCosmology/Ibn-Arabi-Time-and-Cosmology_djvu.txt

Despite time being imaginary, Ibn ‘Arabi considers it as one of the four main

constituents of nature: time, space, the monad ( al-jawhar ), and the form {al-

‘arad). Like some modern theories, Ibn ‘Arabi also considers time to be cyclic,

relative and inhomogeneous.

THE FOUR MOTHERS OF EXISTENCE

https://archive.org/stream/IbnArabiTimeAndCosmology/Ibn-Arabi-Time-and-Cosmology_djvu.txt

Despite the fact that he considers time to be imagined and having no real

existence, Ibn ‘Arabi stresses that it is one of the four ‘mothers (fundamental

principles) of existence’: the formable monad (al-jawhar al-snwar f), 5 the acci-

dental fonn (al- ‘arad), 6 time (al-zaman) and space (al-makan). 7 Everything else

in the manifest world is combined of these four parameters [III.404.22]. He also

 

 

30 Ibn ‘Arabi’s concept of time

 

argues that those four parameters - together with another six categories that are

derived from them: fa'il, munfa'il, idafa, wad', ‘adad, kayf - are enough to

describe the state of everything in the world. Together these make up the famil-

iar ten Aristotelian categories: i.e. substance (jawhar), quantity ( kamm ), quality

(kayf), relation (idafa), time (matd), place (ayna), situation or position ( wad ' ),

possession (lahu), or state (Jidda), passion (yanfa'il ) and action (yaf'al ) -

although the meaning of jawhar here is of course radically different from its

usual Aristotelian usage, reflecting in this case the kalam inspiration of Ibn

‘Arabi’s terminology (El 2 , VI: 203, ‘Al-Makfdat’, and: EP, II: 46, ‘Categories’).

Yet those four ‘mothers of existence’, including the formable monad, in Ibn

‘Arabi’s distinctive conception of the oneness of being, are nothing but imagi-

nary forms or reflections of the unique ‘Single Monad’ (al-jawhar al-fard) which

is the only thing that can be described as having a real existence: all other things

in the world are different forms of this Single Monad, including ‘vision and the

visible, hearing and the heard, imagination and the imaginable, thinking and the

thinkable, . . . etc.’ [111.404.12]. This latter concept reflects Ibn ‘Arabi’s contro-

versial theory of the oneness of being.

IBN ARABI TALKS ABOUT THE "FOUR CYCLES OF TIME AND "THE DIVINE QUADRATIC RULE"- QUAD IS FOUR

https://archive.org/stream/IbnArabiTimeAndCosmology/Ibn-Arabi-Time-and-Cosmology_djvu.txt

3.2 The four main time cycles

 

Ibn ‘Arabi stresses that ‘everything in the world has to be based on (specific)

divine Attributes’ [1.293.5]. Although some Muslim scholars, following a

famous hadith [ Kanz : 1933, 1937], believe that the basic divine Names or

Attributes of Allah can be limited to 99, Ibn ‘Arab! considers them to be count-

less [III. 146.35], while the 99 Names that are referred to in some prophetic nar-

rations are simply the main most Beautiful Names (al-asma ’ al-husna) of Allah.

Of these many divine Names, there are four fundamental Attributes - Life

( havat ), Knowledge ( ‘Uni), Ability ( qudra ) and Will ( irada ) - that are necessary

and sufficient for Allah to be described as God. Therefore those are considered

to be the ultimate sources or ‘mothers’ ( ummahat ) of all other divine Attributes

 

[1.469.25] . In relation to creation, however, three more Attributes are also neces-

sary for Allah to be Creator: Hearing ( sam ' ), Seeing ( basar ) and Speaking

(kalam). Together, that makes the principal divine Attributes of Allah to be

‘seven mother attributes. . . .: Life, Knowledge, Ability, Will, Hearing, Seeing

and Speaking’ [1.525.32],

 

Because Allah created (the perfect) Human Being ‘according to His Image’

[1.163.20], these same divine Attributes are potentially manifest in every fully

human person (such as Adam and the prophets). Also, as Ibn ‘Arabi says, Allah

created the world and everything in it in the image of (the Perfect) Human Being

 

[11.652.25] , and so the world with the Human Being is ‘on the Image of the Real’

 

 

The significance of the divine week 77

 

- but without the Human Being it would not have this perfection [III.343.25]. So

these same attributes should be available and essential in the world as well. That

is why, he explains, the numbers four and seven play a central role in the world:

the four elements in nature (earth, water, air and fire, already mentioned in his

poem opening this chapter), the four time cycles, the seven heavens, the seven

days, and so on. The two cosmologically fundamental four fold groups that

emerged out of the four ‘mother’ Attributes (Life, Ability, Will and Power) that

are the four aspects of the divine Presence of the Essence ( al-Dhat ) are the four

earthly elements (earth, water, air and fire) and the primordial cosmological prin-

ciples of the Intellect, Soul, Dust and Nature, as in Figure 3.1.

 

This quadratic cosmological rule was also reflected in relation to time. There-

fore, Ibn ‘Arabi points out, there are four main time cycles within the domain of

manifest nature: the day, the week, the month and the year. These four natural

time cycles have their origin in the effects of those four elements of Nature (fire,

air, water, earth) that are originally derived from the above-mentioned four prin-

cipal divine Names (‘the mothers’). As lbn ‘Arabi says:

 

 

 

Figure 3. 1 The Divine Quadratic Rule.

Note

 

This figure is translated from the Futuhat [1.260],

 

 

78 The significance of the divine week

 

time is restricted to the year, month, week and day. Time is divided into

four divisions because the natural seasons are four, because the origin of

the existence of time is Nature, whose level is below the (universal) Soul

and above the ‘Dust’ ( haba ') that philosophers call the Universal Matter

(. hayula ). The influence of this (principal) quaternity ( tarbV ) in Nature is

from the influence of the (same principle of) quaternity in the divine influ-

ences from (the fundamental Names) Life, Knowledge, Ability and Will. For

by these four (Names), godship is confirmed for the God.

 

So the quaternity (first) became manifest in Nature. Then the (divine)

Command descended until the (principle of quaternity) appeared in the

‘biggest time’ (cycle), which is the year, so that it was divided into the four

seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter. This was brought about by the

motion of the Sun through the stations (of the zodiac), which have been

divided by Nature into their (seasonal) divisions according to the (natural)

elements that are the ‘basic principles’ (of fire, air, water and earth).

IBN ARABI MAKES FOUR DIVISIONS OF TIME- SAYS BY FOUR NAMES GOD IS WORSHIPPED AND EVEN MENTIONS "QUATENRITY"

https://archive.org/stream/IbnArabiTimeAndCosmology/Ibn-Arabi-Time-and-Cosmology_djvu.txt

78 The significance of the divine week

 

time is restricted to the year, month, week and day. Time is divided into

four divisions because the natural seasons are four, because the origin of

the existence of time is Nature, whose level is below the (universal) Soul

and above the ‘Dust’ ( haba ') that philosophers call the Universal Matter

(. hayula ). The influence of this (principal) quaternity ( tarbV ) in Nature is

from the influence of the (same principle of) quaternity in the divine influ-

ences from (the fundamental Names) Life, Knowledge, Ability and Will. For

by these four (Names), godship is confirmed for the God.

 

So the quaternity (first) became manifest in Nature. Then the (divine)

Command descended until the (principle of quaternity) appeared in the

‘biggest time’ (cycle), which is the year, so that it was divided into the four

seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter. This was brought about by the

motion of the Sun through the stations (of the zodiac), which have been

divided by Nature into their (seasonal) divisions according to the (natural)

elements that are the ‘basic principles’ (of fire, air, water and earth).

IBN ARABI SAYS THE FOUR ARCHANGELS HOLDING THE THRONE OF ALLAH ARE THE FOUR MAIN SUSTAINING FORCES OF NATURE

https://archive.org/stream/IbnArabiTimeAndCosmology/Ibn-Arabi-Time-and-Cosmology_djvu.txt

6. 6. 1 The Black Stone and the Kaaba

 

The most visible example of Ibn ‘Arabi’s development of this cosmological

symbolism in the Futuhdt involves the Kaaba, the ‘house of Allah’ to which mil-

lions of Muslims now go on pilgrimage every year. For Ibn ‘Arabi, those circu-

mambulating the Kaaba are mirroring the circles of higher angels surrounding

the divine Throne [1.50.30], In that symbolic context, the angels also represent

the determining forces of the universal Nature ( Al-Durratu Al-Baydd’\ 138; we

shall come back to this later in section 7.10) and the four Archangels who carry

the Throne of Allah are the four main sustaining forces of that Nature.

IBN ARABI TALKS ABOUT ZENOS FOUR PARADOXES OF MOTION THAT CHALLENGE THE CONCEPT THAT MOTION EXISTS

https://archive.org/stream/IbnArabiTimeAndCosmology/Ibn-Arabi-Time-and-Cosmology_djvu.txt

7.4 Zeno’s paradoxes

 

Motion, as a manifestation of causality, is the main concern behind all the theories

of physics, from the pre-Socratics through Newton’s theory of gravity to the most

recent theories of Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Gravity. Yet there are a

number of famous philosophers who have doubted that there could be any motion

at all, despite our daily experience. As is well known, those philosophers expressed

perspectives similar to Ibn ‘Arabi’s. Most notably, Parmenides of Elea (b. 510bc)

affirmed cosmological conceptions remarkably similar to Ibn ‘Arabi’s doctrine of

 

 

The Single Monad model and its implications 171

 

the oneness of being: he held ‘the One’ unchanging existence to be alone true,

while multitude and change were said to be an appearance without reality. This

doctrine was defended by his pupil Zeno (b. c. 488 bc), whose philosophy of

monism claimed that the many things which appear to exist are merely a single

eternal reality which he called Being (a term Ibn ‘Arabi also applies to the Single

Monad). The complex and rigorous adaptation of Parmenides’ hypotheses in

Plato’s Parmenides - constantly elaborated by the later Neoplatonists - offers even

closer analogies to Ibn ‘Arabi’s overall ontological system. Zeno wrote a book

containing forty paradoxes, and, although his book was lost, four of those para-

doxes were discussed by Aristotle in his Physics', the Dichotomy, the Achilles, the

Arrow and the Stadium. Each of those four paradoxes challenges all claims that

there is real motion (Heath 1981: 273-283; Sorensen 2003: 44-57; Darling 2004:

351; Leiber 1993: 77; Erickson 1998: 218-220).

IBN ARABI DIVIDES THE LETTERS OF THE ALPHABET INTO FOUR EXISTENTS- HE SAYS THIS IS WHY HEARING IS BASED ON FOUR REALITIES AND IN MUSIC HTERE IS FOUR MAIN NOTES

https://archive.org/stream/IbnArabiTimeAndCosmology/Ibn-Arabi-Time-and-Cosmology_djvu.txt

Ibn ‘Arabi also divides the letters of the alphabet between four existents: the real

(through whom creation takes place), the angels, the jinn and the Humans

[1.53.1], which we may render into vibrations in 0-D, 1-D, 2-D and 3-D as we

shall explain in the following section. This, he explains, is because hearing

(sam‘) is based on four realities [11.367.24], and that is why in the science of

music and notes there are four main notes: the Bum (the thick string), the Zir (the

highest string), Muthanna (duo), and Muthallath (trio): each moves the soul in a

special way, causing the emotions of happiness and sadness [11.367.26].

ALSO IBN ARABI SAID THAT THE NUMBER FOURTEEN WAS SO SIGNIFICANT AND FOUND SO MANY PLACES BECAUSE IT IS THE TETRACTYS 10 PLUS FOUR

I POSTED THE SOURCE A LONG TIME AGO THE BOOK WHERE IT ARABI DESCRIBES WHY HE ORGANIZED HIS STUFF INTO FOURTEEN PRAYERS--- HE SAID IT WAS THE TETRACTYS 10 PLUS FOUR SO TO HIM IT WAS THE HOLIEST NUMBER- ONE OF HIS BOOKS WAS CALLED THE FOUR PILLARS OF SPIRITUAL TRANSFORMATION

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ibn_Arabi

Contemplation of the Holy Mysteries (Mashāhid al-Asrār) probably his first major work, consisting of fourteen visions and dialogues with God.

Devotional Prayers (Awrād), a widely read collection of fourteen prayers for each day and night of the week.

 

The Four Pillars of Spiritual Transformation (Hilyat al-abdāl) a short work on the essentials of the spiritual Path

 

The Universal Tree and the Four Birds (al-Ittihād al-Kawnī), a poetic book on the Complete Human and the four principles of existence

IBN ARABI EXPLAINS THAT FOURTEEN IS THE TETRACTYS ONE PLUS TWO PLUS THREE PLUS FOUR----- PLUS ANOTHER FOUR SO IT IS SO HOLY AND WHY IT IS SEEN IN MANY PLACES- also seven is four plus three

 

https://books.google.com/books?id=wiEQf4gAwpUC&pg=PA14&lpg=PA14&dq=ibn+arabi+number+fourteen&source=bl&ots=o2j7YhP4B-&sig=7ntdRnmkEmvKbWhfxDedVC3MEtk&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiMldmUucDTAhXrhVQKHTujBmsQ6AEIKTAB#v=onepage&q=fourteen&f=false

quadrant

https://books.google.com/books?

 

IBN ARABI SAW FOURTEEN AS THE TETRACTY PLUS FOUR SO HE SAW IT AS VERY SIGNIFICANT EVEN LINKED IT TO THE SURA AND THE ARABIC ALPHABET

 

id=wiEQf4gAwpUC&pg=PA14&lpg=PA14&dq=ibn+arabi+number+fourteen&source=bl&ots=o2j7YhP4B-&sig=7ntdRnmkEmvKbWhfxDedVC3MEtk&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiMldmUucDTAhXrhVQKHTujBmsQ6AEIKTAB#v=onepage&q=ibn%20arabi%20number%20fourteen&f=false

quadrant

ARABIC LETTERS FOUR FORMS

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hebrew_alphabet

b^ The Arabic letters generally (as six of the primary letters can have only two variants) have four forms, according to their place in the word. The same goes with the Mandaic ones, except for three of the 22 letters, which have only one form.

FOUR FORMS

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabic_alphabet

The Arabic alphabet is always cursive and letters vary in shape depending on their position within a word. Letters can exhibit up to four distinct forms corresponding to an initial, medial (middle), final, or isolated position (IMFI). While some letters show considerable variations, others remain almost identical across all four positions. Generally, letters in the same word are linked together on both sides by short horizontal lines, but six letters (و ز ر ذ د ا) can only be linked to their preceding letter. For example, أرارات (Ararat) has only isolated forms because each letter cannot be connected to its following one. In addition, some letter combinations are written as ligatures (special shapes), notably lām-alif.[2]

Biblical Aramaic is the Aramaic found in four discrete sections of the Hebrew Bible:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aramaic_language

Ezra 4:8–6:18 and 7:12–26 – documents from the Achaemenid period (5th century BC) concerning the restoration of the temple in Jerusalem.

Daniel 2:4b–7:28 – five subversive tales and an apocalyptic vision.

Jeremiah 10:11 – a single sentence in the middle of a Hebrew text denouncing idolatry.

Genesis 31:47 – translation of a Hebrew place-name.

I DESCRIBED HOW THE MUSLIM PHILOSOPHER AL ARABI CHOSE THE NUMBER 14 FOR A LOT OF HIS WORKS BECAUSE HE SAID IT WAS THE TETRACTYS 10 PLUS THE NUMBER FOUR TWO OF THE HOLIEST NUMBERS--- GREGORY THE GREAT SIMILARLY EXPLAINED WHY THERE WERE 14 EPISTLES OF PAUL IN THAT HE SAW THE NUMBER FOUR AND THE NUMBER 10 AS SACRED AND FOUR PLUS 10 IS 14--- ACCORDING TO THE AUTHOR GREGORY USES 14 A LOT AND DESCRIBES A LOT THE SACREDNESS OF THE NUMBER FOUR AND 10

https://books.google.com/books?id=dyf7CQhMSuwC&pg=PA108&lpg=PA108&dq=Richard+Adelbert+Lipsius+four&source=bl&ots=8KMhU9Pqef&sig=d6rseRjg_boDcSj4yhYV67X-KAk&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwisztXro_7TAhVI8GMKHeqlCCYQ6AEIPzAF#v=onepage&q=four&f=false

Quadrant

LOOK HOW THE FOURTH STATION IS DIFFERENT TRANSCENDENT- IT SAYS THE FOURTH THE UNSEEN IS THE ESSENCE OF THE OTHER THREE EVEN THOUGH IT IS UNSEEN (THIS IS LIKE THE FOURTH PART OF AUM SILENCE WHICH IS SILENT BUT ENGULFS THE PREVIOUS THREE THE TRANSCENDENT FOURTH

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Syariah-thariqah-hakikah2.jpg

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tariqa

The metaphor of "way, path" is to be understood in connection of the term sharia which also has the meaning of "path", more specifically "well-trodden path; path to the waterhole". The "path" metaphor of tariqa is that of a further path, taken by the mystic, which continues from the "well-trodden path" or exoteric of sharia towards the esoteric haqiqa. A fourth "station" following the succession of shariah, tariqa and haqiqa is called marifa. This is the "unseen center" of haqiqa, and the ultimate aim of the mystic, corresponding to the unio mystica in Western mysticism. Tasawwuf, Arabic word that refers to mysticism and Islamic esotericism, is known in the West as Sufism.[1]

 

"Tariqat" in the Four Spiritual Stations: sharia, tariqa, haqiqa. The fourth station, marifa, which is considered "unseen", is actually the center of the haqiqa region. It's the essence of all four stations.

The four main tariqas in South Asia are: the Naqshbandi Order, named after Baha-ud-Din Naqshband Bukhari; the Qadiri Order, named after Abdul Qadir Jilani; the Chishti Order, named after Khawaja Mawdood Chisti while Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti is the most famous sheikh; the Suhrawardi Order, named after Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi

THE FOUR BASES OF SHARIAH

http://www.islamicsupremecouncil.org/understanding-islam/legal-rulings/52-understanding-islamic-law.html

The bases of Shariah are four: two are revelatory, coming from Allah, and include the two core sources, the Qur’ān, Islam’s holy book, and the Sunnah (the practice and teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (s)); and two are based in rational endeavor, consensus (ijma) and analogical juristic reasoning (qiyās).

CLASSICAL SHARIAH MANUALS ARE DIVIDED INTO FOUR PARTS

http://www.islamicsupremecouncil.org/understanding-islam/legal-rulings/52-understanding-islamic-law.html

The ultimate worth of actions is based on intention and sincerity, as mentioned by the Prophet (s), who said, “Actions are by intentions, and one shall only get that which one intended.” The Shariah covers all aspects of human life. Classical Shariah manuals are often divided into four parts: …personal acts of worship;… commercial dealings;…marriage and divorce, and penal laws.

SHAH WALIULLAH FOUR STAGE EVOLUTION SOCIETY

http://www.islamicsupremecouncil.org/understanding-islam/legal-rulings/52-understanding-islamic-law.html

Shah Waliullah expounded the theory of evolution of society in four stages and found that social norms played a central role in the evolution of laws.[64]

THE SHAH SAID THERE WERE FOUR STAGES OF SOCIETY THE FOURTH TRANSCENDENT- THEY FIT THE QUADRANT PATTERN- IN THE FIRST STAGE THE SHAH SAID THAT SOCIETY IS DIVIDED INTO FOUR CLASSES

http://studypoints.blogspot.com/2014/11/what-is-theory-of-social-evolution.html

iii. Society is divided into four classes:

a. The wise who suggest for social benefits. A

b. Wealthy class; owner of cattle sheep, land, etc.

c. Brave people to defend society from attacks and dacoits.

d. Cunning people class; desirous of fame, authority and

liking business type activities.

FOUR PRINCIPAL QUALITIES ACQUISITION

https://archive.org/stream/DevelopmentOfHumanSociety.ShahWaliAllahsConceptOfIrtifaqatByMuhammadShafiqueBhatti/Development%20of%20human%20society.%20Shah%20Wali%20Allah%27s%20concept%20of%20irtifaqat%20by%20Muhammad%20Shafique%20Bhatti_djvu.txt

To Shall Wali Allah Adalah (justice) is necessary for the

hormonious development of human society. It means justice or balance

(Tawazun). Shah Wali Allah has discussed this feature in Hujjat under

four principal qualities for the acquisition ot "Sa adah (satisfaction or

happiness); Taharah (chastity), Aklibat (to be humble before God).

Samahah (magnanimity), Adalah (justice or balance) 2 ^ and also as a

religious obligation. He believes that in all methods and practices adalah

or tawazun should be maintained and man should not indulge in

extremism in any way. To him adalah in ever\ field of life can bring

humanity to the height of its development. Man gets all his systems and

structured facilities through adalah. "When it expresses itself in dress,

manners and mores, it goes by the name of adah (etiquettes). In matters

relating to income and expenditure we call it economy, and in the at fails

of state it is named politics . 2b

FORTY DAYS AND ANGLE WRITES FOUR THINGs

https://www.islamicmedicine.org/embryoengtext.htm

The mudgha stage ends at the 6th week (i.e. 40 days). Imam Muslim narrated in his “Sahih” on the authority of Abdullah Bin Masoud that he said; “Allah's prophet - Mohammad (PBUH) - the truthful and trustworthy, told us;

"The creation of each one of you is composed in the mother‘s womb in forty days, in that (creation) it turns into such a clot, then in that turns into such a mudgha and then Allah sends an angel and orders him to write four things, i.e., his provision, his age, and whether he will be of the wretched or the blessed (in the Hereafter). Then the soul is breathed into him. And by Allah, a person among you (or a man) may do deeds of the people of the Fire till there is only a cubit or an arm-breadth distance between him and the Fire, but then that writing (which Allah has ordered the angel to write) precedes, and he does the deeds of the people of Paradise and enters it; and a man may do the deeds of the people of Paradise till there is only a cubit or two between him and Paradise, and then that writing precedes and he does the deeds of the people of the Fire and enters it."

http://www.answering-islam.org/Quran/Science/embryo.html

The first stage, geniture, corresponds to [nutfah], the drop of semen; the second stage, a bloody vascularised foetus with unshaped brain, liver and heart ("when it has been filled with blood") corresponds to [alaqa], the blood clot; the third stage "has the form of flesh" and corresponds to [mudghah], the morsel of chewed flesh. The fourth and final stage, puer, was when all the organs were well formed, joints were freely moveable, and the foetus began to move [20]. If the reader is in any doubt about the clear link being described here between the Galenic and the Qur'anic stages, it may be pointed out that it was early Muslim doctors, including Ibn-Qayyim, who first spotted the similarity. Basim Musallam, Director of the Centre of Middle Eastern Studies at the University of Cambridge concludes

 

"The stages of development which the Qur'an and Hadith established for believers agreed perfectly with Galen's scientific account ... There is no doubt that medieval thought appreciated this agreement between the Qur'an and Galen, for Arabic science employed the same Qur'anic terms to describe the Galenic stages" [21].

GALEN FOUR PERIODS OF EMBRYO

http://www.hamzatzortzis.com/essays-articles/prophetic-studies/did-the-prophet-muhammad-plagiarise-hellenic-embryology/

In his book, On Semen, Galen states:

 

“But let us take the account back again to the first conformation of the animal, and in order to make our account orderly and clear, let us divide the creation of the foetus overall into four periods of time. The first is that in which. as is seen both in abortions and in dissection, the form of the semen prevails. At this time, Hippocrates too, the all-marvellous, does not yet call the conformation of the animal a foetus; as we heard just now in the case of semen voided in the sixth day, he still calls it semen.”[58]

THE REPETITION OF FOUR IN FORTY

https://quranspotlight.wordpress.com/articles/quran-hadith-talmud-galen/#_Toc317621440

Semen stage lasts 40 days

Abu Tufail reported: I visited Abu Sariha Hudhaifa b. Usaid al-Ghifari who said: I listened with these two ears of mine Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The semen [nutfata [13]] stays in the womb for forty nights, then the angel, gives it a shape. Zubair said: I think that he said: One who fashions that and decides whether he would be male or female…

 

Sahih Muslim Book 33, number 6395

 

See also Qur’an 23:12-14 to see how the nutfah and subsequent stages fit together. Now let us compare with the Talmud:

 

For if she is not found pregnant she never was pregnant; and if she is found pregnant, the semen, until the fortieth day, is only a mere fluid.

 

Babylonian Talmud, Yebamoth 69b[14]

FORTY DAYS AND FOUR WORDS

http://www.bible.ca/islam/islam-myths-embryology.htm

"The creation of any one of you is accomplished in various stages in the abdomen of your mother; 40 days a drop of sperm; then he will be ('alaqa) a clot for the same period, then chewed meat (mudagha) for the same period; then the angel will be sent to him and he will blow into him the spirit (soul) and he will order four words (about the future) by writing: his monetary fortune, and his length of life, and his actions, and whether he is to be damned or happy in the hereafter.

PRAYER IN ISLAM CLASSIFIED INTO FOUR CATEGORIES

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salah

Prayers in Islam are classified into four categories based on degrees of obligation: fard, wajib, sunnah, and nafl.[34]

The number of obligatory (fard) rakaʿāt varies from two to four according to the time of day or other circumstances (such as Friday congregational worship, which has two rakats)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salah 
Quadrant

THE FOUR MAIN POSITITONS PRAYER ISLAM

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Salat_Positions_and_Prayers_-_transparent_background_-_RGB.jpg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salah

The four main salat postures and associated prayers and recitations.

NOTICE HOW THE HIGHEST THE PRAYERS GO IS FOUR UNITS

https://www.al-islam.org/nutshell/laws_practices/5.htm

q Salat al-Fajr (Dawn prayer), which consist of two units (each unit of prayer is called a rak`ah)

q Salat al-Zuhr (Midday prayer) consisting of four units

q Salat al-`Asr (Afternoon prayer) consisting of four units

q Salat al-Maghrib (Dusk prayer) which consist of three units

q Salat al-`Isha (Night prayer) consisting of four units.

THE FOURTH TRANSCENDENT RAKAH

https://www.al-islam.org/nutshell/laws_practices/5.htm

If you are performing the Zuhr (Midday), `Asr (Afternoon), or `Isha (Night) prayer, continue by standing up for the fourth rak`ah while reciting Bihawlillahi…. as described at the end of the section FirstRak`ah.

The Fourth Rak`ah

This is identical to the third rak`ah.

After the second prostration resume the kneeling position, and recite the Tashahhud.

THERE IS A DYNAMIC BETWEEN THREE AND FOUR RAKAHS- FOURTH TRANSCENDENT

https://raleighmasjid.org/how-to-pray/salah.htm

In the three or four-Rak'ah prayers (Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib, and Isha) the whole procedure is repeated in the remaining Rak'ah(s), except after Tashahhud, you say "Allahu Akbar" and stand up and only recite Surat Al-Fatiha in Fard prayers and no other Surah, then continue doing the rest of the actions as you have done before (Rukoo', rising, Sujood). Then stand again for the fourth Rak'ah.

Also, in the last Rak'ah of any prayer, after you have made your Sujood, sit up and silently recite both Tashahhud and Salatul Ibrahimiyyah. At the end of any prayer, you must finish by making Tasleem.

When to Recite Aloud or Silently:

During obligatory Fajr prayers, you recite the Qur'an aloud in both Rak'ahs. You also recite the first two Rak'ahs of the obligatory prayers of Maghrib and 'Isha aloud as well.

However, the third and fourth Rak'ahs are always recited silently during obligatory prayers. Also, in the Dhuhr and Asr prayers, the recitation is always silent for all four Rak'ahs.

WUDU IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT IN ISLAM IF YOU ARE CONVERTING TO ISLAM THEN YOU LEARN THESE FIRST AND IT IS SEEN IS VERY SIGNIFICANT AND IS DONE BEFORE PRAYER THERE ARE FOUR PARTS- YOU ALSO RUB ONE FOURTH OF THE HEAD

http://www.questionsonislam.com/article/what-are-fards-wudu

There are four fards of wudu:

 

 

 

1 – To wash the face once...

 

 

 

2 – To wash the hands up the elbows, including the elbows...

 

 

 

3 – To wash the feet including the heels...

 

 

 

4 – To rub one-fourth of the head with wet hand...

FOUR LEVELS OF MEANING IN QURAN- I DESCRIBED DANTE ALSO DESCRIBED FOUR LEVELS MEANING IN BIBLE AND JEWS DESCRIBE FOUR LEVELS OF MEANING IN TORAH THE FOURTH IS TRANSCENDENT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Qushayri

Laṭā'if al-Isharat bi-Tafsīr al-Qur'ān is a famous work of al-Qushayri that is a complete commentary of the Qur'an. He determined that there were four levels of meaning in the Qur'an. First, the Ibara which is the meaning of the text meant for the mass of believers. Second, the ishara, only available to the spiritual elite and lying beyond the obvious verbal meaning. Third, laṭā’if, subtleties in the text that were meant particularly for saints. And finally, the ḥaqā’iq, which he said were only comprehensible to the prophets.[5] This text placed him among the elite of the Sufi mystics and is widely used as a standard of Sufi thought.

THE FOUR RIGHTLY GUIDED CALIPHS- THERE ARE ALSO FOUR MAJOR CALIPHATES THE FOURTH OTTOMAN WAS DIFFERENT (other caliphats emerged around these four and tried to usurp the four but they were unsuccessful)

https://www.pray30days.org/learn/history/caliphs/

Muhammad’s Successors – The Four Caliphs

 

Let’s have a look at the era of the four Medina-based Caliphs or “Rightly Guided Caliphs”, in the time immediately after Mohammed passed away.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Four_Companions

The Four Companions, also called the Four Pillars of the Sahaba is a Shi'a term that refers to the four Sahaba Shi'a believe stayed most loyal to Imam Ali after the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad:

 

Abū Dhar al-Ghifāri

Ammār ibn Yāsir

Miqdad ibn Aswād al-Kindi

Salman the Persian

 

The Four Companions, also called the Four Pillars of the Sahaba is a Shi'a term that refers to the four Sahaba Shi'a believe stayed most loyal to Imam Ali after the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad:

 

Abū Dhar al-Ghifāri

Ammār ibn Yāsir

Miqdad ibn Aswād al-Kindi

Salman the Persian

The Four Books (Arabic: الكتب الاربعة‎, translit. Al-Kutub Al-Arb‘ah‎) is a Twelver Shia term referring to their four best-known hadith collections:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Four_Books

Name Collector No. of

hadith

Kitab al-Kafi [a] Muhammad ibn Ya'qub al-Kulayni al-Razi (329 AH) 16,199

Man la yahduruhu al-Faqih Muhammad ibn Babawayh 9,044

Tahdhib al-Ahkam Shaykh Muhammad Tusi 13,590

Al-Istibsar Shaykh Muhammad Tusi 5,511

FOUR SECTIONS

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Ghazali

Another of al-Ghazali's major works is Ihya' Ulum al-Din or Ihya'u Ulumiddin (The Revival of Religious Sciences). It covers almost all fields of Islamic sciences: fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), kalam (theology) and sufism.[citation needed]

 

It contains four major sections: Acts of worship (Rub' al-'ibadat), Norms of Daily Life (Rub' al-'adatat), The ways to Perdition (Rub' al-muhlikat) and The Ways to Salvation (Rub' al-munjiyat). The Ihya became the most frequently recited Islamic text after the Qur'an and the hadith. Its great achievement was to bring orthodox Sunni theology and Sufi mysticism together in a useful, comprehensive guide to every aspect of Muslim life and death.[34] The book was well received by Islamic scholars such as Nawawi who stated that: "Were the books of Islam all to be lost, excepting only the Ihya', it would suffice to replace them all."[35]

FOUR PRINCIPAL PARTS

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kimiya-yi_sa%27ādat

The Kimiya-yi Sa'ādat and its subsequent translations begin with citing some councils of the Prophet. Overall, the Kimiya-yi sa'ādat has four principle parts of ten chapters each:

 

Ebādāt (religious duties)

Monjīāt (salvation)

Mu'amalat (human relations aspect of Islam)

Mohlekāt (damnation)

FOUR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kimiya-yi_sa%27ādat

″God has sent on Earth a hundred and twenty-four thousand prophets to teach men the prescription of this alchemy, and how to purify their hearts from baser qualities in the crucible of abstinence. This alchemy may be briefly described as turning away from the world, and its constituents are four: Knowledge of Self Knowledge of God Knowledge of this world as it really is Knowledge of the next world as it really is.″[9]

19 TIMES FOUR QURAN CODE BASED AROUND FOUR WORDS BISMILLAH

https://www.facebook.com/quranicvisualmiracles/posts/1786599104932919

6.. First revelation which was given to the Prophet Muhammad pbuh was chapter 96 the first 5 verses revealed to Prophet Muhammad pbuh consists of 76 letters 19*4

SWASTIKA IS QUADRANT

Flat Earth Ancient TheoCosmology; the Big Dipper and the Swastika

 

https://planetruthblog.files.wordpress.com/2017/03/swastikanorth-star.jpg

Quadrant

FOUR SACRED MONTHS ISLAM AND I FORGET THERE IS A TRADITION WHERE THEY DO SOMETHING ON THE FOURTH DAY OF THE FOURTH MONTH OF THE FOURTH YEAR BUT I FORGET WHAT IT IS

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajab

Rajab (Arabic: رجب‎‎) is the seventh month of the Islamic calendar. The lexical definition of Rajaba is "to respect", of which Rajab is a derivative. This month is regarded as one of the four sacred months in Islam in which battles are prohibited. The pre-Islamic Arabs also considered warfare blasphemous during the four months.[citation needed]

THE FOUR DEPUTIES

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imamah_(Shia_doctrine)

During the Minor Occultation (Ghaybat al-Sughrá), it is believed that al-Mahdi maintained contact with his followers via deputies (Arab. an-nuwāb al-arbaʻa or "the Four Leaders"). They represented him and acted as agents between him and his followers. Whenever the believers faced a problem, they would write their concerns and send them to his deputy. The deputy would ascertain his verdict, endorse it with his seal and signature and return it to the relevant parties. The deputies also collected zakat and khums on his behalf.

 

For the Shia, the idea of consulting a hidden Imam was not something new because the two prior Twelver Imams had, on occasion, met with their followers from behind a curtain. Also, during the oppressive rule of the later Abbasid caliphs, the Shia Imams were heavily persecuted and held prisoners, thus their followers were forced to consult their Imams via messengers or secretly.

 

Shia Tradition hold that four deputies acted in succession to one another:

 

Uthman ibn Sa’id al-Asadi

Abu Jafar Muhammad ibn Uthman

Abul Qasim Husayn ibn Ruh al-Nawbakhti

Abul Hasan Ali ibn Muhammad al-Samarri

In 941 (329 AH), the fourth deputy announced an order by al-Mahdi, that the deputy would soon die and that the deputyship would end and the period of the Major Occultation would begin.

 

The fourth deputy died six days later and the Shia Muslims continue to await the reappearance of the Mahdi. In the same year, many notable Shia scholars such as Ali ibn Babawayh Qummi and Muhammad ibn Ya'qub Kulayni, the learned compiler of Kitab al-Kafi, also died.

Mahdi- Merk Diez

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Four_Deputies

The Four Deputies or Gates (Arabic: abwāb, singular: bāb [1]), in Twelver Shia Islam, were the four individuals who served as messengers between the community and the twelfth and final Imam, upon him going into the Minor Occultation. The deputies are also referred to with the Arabic terms Safir (emissary), Na'ib (deputy)[2] or Wakil (advocate).[3][4]

 

Twelver tradition holds that four deputies acted in succession to one another from 873–941 CE:

 

Uthman ibn Sa’id al-Asadi († 873-80)

Abu Jafar Muhammad ibn Uthman ibn Sa’id al-Asadi († 917)

Abul Qasim Husayn ibn Ruh al-Nawbakhti († 938)

Abul Hasan Ali ibn Muhammad al-Samarri († 941)

The Major Occultation began following the death of the last deputy and will continue until the return of the Mahdi.

THE FOURTH IS ALWAYS TRANSCENDENT/DIFFERENT

 

https://www.al-islam.org/special-deputies-association-imam-al-mahdi/fourth-special-deputy-ali-ibn-muhammad-samari-ra

The Fourth Special Deputy: Ali Ibn Muhammad Samari (r.a.)

Name : Ali

 

Agnomen (Kuniyyat): Abul Hasan

 

Father : Muhammad

 

The fourth deputy of Imam az-Zaman (a.t.f.s.) Abul Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad (r.a.) attained this special position after Husain Ibn Rauh Naubakhti (r.a.). Imam az-Zaman (a.t.f.s.) himself ordered Abul Qasim Ibn Rauh Naubakhti (r.a.) to appoint him to this post.

FOUR SUCCESSIVE DEPUTIES

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Major_Occultation

Before occurring the major occultation, upon the death of his father, and while still a child, it is believed that the twelfth Imam entered his first occultation which lasted 70 lunar years, during which the Hidden Imam is said to have represented on earth by four successive deputies.[2][3] According to official tradition, in 329/940, the fourth and last delegate received a final letter signed by the Hidden Imam in which he declared that henceforth and "until the end of time," no one will see him or be his representative, and that whosoever declares otherwise is no less than an imposter.

THE FOUR BOOKS OF SHIA TRADITION

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ibn_Babawayh

Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn 'Ali ibn Babawaih al-Qummi (Persian: ابو جعفر محمد بن علي بن بابويه القمي; c. 923-991 ), referred to as Ibn Babawayh or Al-Shaykh al-Saduq (the truthful scholar) was a Persian[1] Shi'te Islamic scholar whose work, entitled Man la yahduruhu al-Faqih, forms part of the The Four Books of the Shi'ite Hadith collection.[2][3]

THERE WERE FOUR MAJOR CALIPHATES- THE FOURTH DIFFERENT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caliphate

During the medieval period, three major caliphates existed: the Rashidun Caliphate (632–661), the Umayyad Caliphate (661–750) and the Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258). The fourth major caliphate, the Ottoman Caliphate, established by the Ottoman Empire in 1517, was a manifestation whereby the Ottoman rulers claimed caliphal authority. During the history of Islam, several other Muslim states, almost all of them hereditary monarchies, have claimed to be caliphates.[1]

https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/art-islam/beginners-guide-islamic-art/a/common-types-of-mosque-architecture

II. The four-iwan mosque

Just as the hypostyle hall defined much of mosque architecture of the early Islamic period; the 11th century shows the emergence of new form: the four-iwan mosque. An iwan is a vaulted space that opens on one side to a courtyard. The iwan developed in pre-Islamic Iran where it was used in monumental and imperial architecture. Strongly associated with Persian architecture, the iwan continued to be used in monumental architecture in the Islamic era.

ARABIANS THREE STONES FOURTH FOR GOD

http://sakina.wikidot.com/arabian-deities

Jacob had made his pact with El at Bethel when he erected a standing stone he had slept over, just as the Arabians used three stones for a pot stand and the fourth for God, both rituals uniting Earth and Heaven. Thus too the Ka'aba, as God's house, stands as a baetyl in the Arabic bedouin tradition. Moreover, the name Luz which means a 'place of refuge' became the central sanctuary for the amphictiony of the twelve tribes of Israel22. Notice also that Jacob's belief in this God is conditional on the deities performance in real life, just as the polytheists of Arabia worshipped the deities for the karmic efficacy:

GOES UP TO FOUR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mancala

Board configurations vary among different games but also within variations of a given game; for example Endodoi is played on boards from 2×6 to 2×10. The largest are Tchouba (Mozambique) with a board of 160 (4×40) holes requiring 320 seeds; and En Gehé (Tanzania), played on longer rows with up to 50 pits (a total of 2×50=100) and using 400 seeds. The most minimalistic variants are Nano-Wari and Micro-Wari, created by the Bulgarian ethnologue Assia Popova. The Nano-Wari board has eight seeds in just two pits; Micro-Wari has a total of four seeds in four pits.

 

With a two-rank board, players usually are considered to control their respective sides of the board, although moves often are made into the opponent's side. With a four-rank board, players control an inner row and an outer row, and a player's seeds will remain in these closest two rows unless the opponent captured them.

 

Objective[edit]

The objective of most two- and three-row mancala games is to capture more stones than the opponent; in four-row games, one usually seeks to leave the opponent with no legal move or sometimes to capture all counters in their front row.

FOUR GOES UP TO SIXTEEN

https://www.srichinmoy.org/spirituality/concentration_meditation_contemplation/meditation/meditation_exercises/breathing_exercises

6. One-four-two breathing

As you breathe in, repeat once the name of God, the Christ or whomever you adore. Or, if your Master has given you a mantra, you can repeat that. This breath does not have to be long or deep. Then hold your breath and repeat the same name four times. And when you breathe out, repeat two times the name or mantra that you have chosen. You inhale for one count, hold your breath for four counts and exhale for two counts, inwardly repeating the sacred word. If you simply count the numbers—one-four-two—you do not get any vibration or inner feeling. But when you say the name of God, immediately God's divine qualities enter into you. Then, when you hold your breath, these divine qualities rotate inside you, entering into all your impurities, obscurities, imperfections and limitations. And when you breathe out, these same divine qualities carry away all your undivine, unprogressive and destructive qualities.

 

In the beginning you can start with a one-four-two count. When you become experienced in this breathing exercise, you will be able to do it to a count of four-sixteen-eight: breathing in for four counts, holding the breath for sixteen, and breathing out for eight. But this has to be done very gradually. Some people do an eight-thirty-two-sixteen count, but this is for the experts.

 

7. Alternate breathing

Another technique you can try is alternate breathing. This is done by pressing the right nostril closed with the thumb and taking in a long breath through the left nostril. As you breathe in, repeat God's name once. Then hold your breath for four counts repeating God's name four times. And finally release your right nostril, press your left nostril closed with your fourth finger and release your breath to the count of two—that is, two repetitions of God's name. Then do it the opposite way. starting with the left nostril pressed closed. In this system, when you breathe in, it does not have to be done quietly. Even if you make noise, no harm. But of course, these exercises should not be done in public or where other people are trying to meditate in silence.

 

You should not practise one-four-two breathing for more than four or five minutes, and you should not do alternate breathing more than a few times. If you do it twenty or forty or fifty times, heat will rise from the base of your spine and enter into your head, creating tension and a headache. It is like eating too much." Eating is good, but if you eat voraciously, it will upset your stomach. This inner heat acts the same way. If you draw it up beyond your capacity, then instead of giving you a peaceful mind, it will give you an arrogant, turbulent and destructive mind. Later, when you have developed your inner capacity, you can do this alternates breathing for ten or fifteen minutes.

FOUR OF SIXTEEN

https://plumblossomsangha.wordpress.com/mindfulness-exercises/

Mindfulness can be described as a kind of energy that helps us be aware of what is going in within us and around us or the practice of moment to moment observation of the present moment with a non-judgmental, non-discriminative mind. While the practice is simple and clear enough, there are numerous objects that we can observe and some difficulties may come up in the process of observation. The exercises below can help us learn the art and science of mindfulness practice. They guide us towards helpful directions to place our mindfulness – for example our breathing as well as the body, feelings, mind or objects of mind. They help us widen our mindfulness practice toolkit to be able to practice in a variety of situations. They provide a useful framework for growing our mindfulness practice over the long-run. Conveniently, the first four of sixteen exercises below are focused on developing awareness of the body (and breath), the second on awareness of our feelings, the third on awareness of our mind, and last on awareness of our mind-objects.

16 METHODS 16 SQUARES QMR

https://iamthou.wordpress.com/2010/08/29/the-key-to-happiness-notes-from-thich-nhat-hahn’s-commentary-on-the-sutra-on-the-full-awareness-of-breathi/

The 16 methods of inhaling and exhaling, in combination with the Four Establishments of Mindfulness, are the essence of the Sutra on the Full Awareness of Breathing. Breathing is a means of awakening and maintaining full attention in order to look carefully, long, and deeply, to see the nature of all things.

 

Everything that exists can be places into one of the Four Establishments of Mindfulness (the body, feelings, mind, and objects of the mind).

 

The 16 methods of breathing in and breathing out can be divided into 4 groups of four methods each. The first group uses the body as the object of Full Awareness; the second uses the feelings; the third uses the mind; and the fourth, the objects of the mind.

 

If the methods of fully aware breathing are practiced continuously they will lead to the realization of the Seven Factors of Awakening.

FOUR GODS MOST POPULARLY WORSHIPPED BY ARABS

http://www.bible.ca/islam/islam-allah-pre-islamic-origin.htm

There were hundreds of such deities in pagan Arabia; the Ka'bah alone at one time housed three hundred and sixty-seven of them. Of all those mentioned in the Qur'an, four appeared to be most popularly revered on the eve of Islam, al`-Uzzah (power), al-Lat (the goddess), and Manah (fate); all three female deities, popularly worshiped by the tribes of the Hijaz, were regarded as the daughters of Allah (the god) who headed the Arabian pantheon when Muhammad began to preach. Allah, the paramount deity of pagan Arabia, was the target of worship in varying degrees of intensity from the southernmost tip of Arabia to the Mediterranean. To the Babylonians he was "Il" (god); to the Canaanites, and later the Israelites, he was "El"., the South Arabians worshipped him as "Ilah," and the Bedouins as "al-Ilah" (the deity). With Muhammad he becomes Allah, God of the Worlds, of all believers, the one and only who admits of no associates or consorts in the worship of Him. Judaic and Christian concepts of God abetted the transformation of Allah from a pagan deity to the God of all monotheists. There is no reason, therefore, to accept the idea that "Allah" passed to the Muslims from Christians and Jews. (Islam, Beliefs And Observances, Caesar E. Farah, p2-7, 26-35)

FOUR TYPES
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabs
Further east, it was also influenced by Chinese and Indian architecture as Islam spread to Southeast Asia. The principal Islamic architectural types are: the Mosque, the Tomb, the Palace and the Fort. From these four types, the vocabulary of Islamic architecture is derived and used for other buildings such as public baths, fountains and domestic architecture.[285][286]

http://sakina.wikidot.com/arabian-deities
Drews, Robert (1995), "Four: Migrations", The End of the Bronze Age: Changes in Warfare and the Catastrophe Ca. 1200 B.C., Princeton University Press, pp. 48–72, ISBN 9780691025919

FOUR VERSES

http://peacethought.com/name.htm

The Oneness of Allah is best described in Surah Chapter 112 in four simple verses:

1. "Say: He is Allah, the One and Only;

2. Allah, the Eternal, Absolute;

3. He begetteth not, nor is He begotten;

4. And there is none like unto Him. " – Qur’an English Translation [112:1-4]

THE MIRACLE OF THE FOUR CHARACTERS OF ALLH

http://peacethought.com/name.htm

Simply put, the name Allah is the unique name of the Lord, the Almighty Creator of the cosmos. In Arabic, the name Allah is composed of four characters; they are: Aleph, Lam, Lam and Haa. Allah is pronounced as Allahu when comes at the beginning of a sentence.

 

The unique linguistic phenomenon of the name Allah:

From the linguistic point of view, the name Allah can give the same meaning if we use:

• All of its four characters

• Three characters

• Two Characters

• Or the last character

 

To illustrate this unique phenomenon:

If we say Allah; it means the Great name of the Lord, the Creator.

If we deduct, subtract or take away the first letter Aleph, then we get three Characters

(Lam, Lam and Haa) which is pronounced as: Lillah and means: To Allah.

If we deduct the first two letters Aleph and Lam, then we get two Characters (Lam and Haa) which is pronounced as: Lahu and also means: To Allah.

If we deduct the first three letters Aleph, Lam and Lam then we get only one Character; the last one (Haa) which is pronounced as: hu and it means: Him.

 

This unique linguistic phenomenon indicates that the name Allah can give the same meaning by using all of its four characters, three characters, two characters or one character.

QURAN CODE AROUND THE FOUR WORDS OF BASMALLAH- BASMALLAH- IN THE NAME OF ALLH STARTS OFF EVERY SURAH OF QURAN EXCEPT ONE- ALLH IS FOUR LETTERS

http://www.quranmiracles.com/2011/10/endless-miracles-in-the-basmalah/

Quadrant

FOUR MEANINGS FOUR STEPS

Steve A. Johnson (1984), "Ibn Sina's Fourth Ontological Argument for God's Existence", The Muslim World 74 (3-4), 161–171.

Jump up ^

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tawhid

To know God is to know his oneness. To say that God is one has four meanings: two of them are false and two are correct. As for the two meanings that are false, one is that a person should say "God is one" and be thinking of a number and counting. This is false because that which has no second cannot enter into the category of number. Do you not see that those who say that God is a third of a trinity fall into this infidelity? Another meaning is to say, "So-and-So is one of his people," namely, a species of this genus or a member of this species. This meaning is also false when applied to God, because it implies likening something to God, whereas God is above all likeness. As to the two meanings that are correct when applied to God, one is that it should be said that "God is one" in the sense that there is no likeness to him among things. Another is to say that "God is one" in the sense that there is no multiplicity or division conceivable in Him, neither outwardly, nor in the mind, nor in the imagination. God alone possesses such a unity.[10]

 

This tenet is further divided into four aspects regarding the affirmation that it is without tashbih (establishing likeness), takyeef (speculating as to "how" they are manifested in the divine), ta'teel (negating/denying their apparent meaning) and ta'weel (giving it secondary/symbolic meaning which is different from the apparent meaning). This is strongly opposed to the extremes of either speculative philosophy as was warned against by the Imams of the Salaf, chiefly Imam Al-Shafi'i[34] and Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, or of anthropomorphism which was strongly refuted by Sheikh Ibn Taymiyyah in his monumental al`Aqeedat al`Wasatiyah who defined the aqeedah or 'creed' of the Salaf to be the balanced middle path far from the extremities of the various sects prevalent in the Muslim world.[35] This is generally summed and codified into the Athari school of theology.

 

Al-Junayd for example "distinguishes four steps, starting from the simple attestation of unicity which is sufficient for ordinary believers, and culminating in the highest rank reserved for the elite, when the creature totally ceases to exist before his Lord, thus achieving al-fanā fi al-tawhīd [annihilation in unity]."[5]

SIGN OF THE CROSS DECLARATION OF FAITH IN CHRISTIANITY

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Declaration_of_faith

A declaration of faith is a phrase that is said by a member of any religion to show either to themselves, their God or other members of the religion their belief and faith in the religion. Notable declarations of faith include the Sign of the Cross in Christianity, the Shahadah in Islam and the Shema Yisrael in Judaism.

ISLAM GOES UP TO FOUR RAKAT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Witr

Therefore, as little as one rakat can be prayed, and eleven at most. This differs from the usual trend of two, three and four rakat of the fard and sunnah prayers.

FOUR MOVEMENTS OF PRAYER AND GOES UP TO FOUR RAKAT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rakat

After performing the ablution, and evoking the intention to pray for the sake of God, the worshipper will stand quietly while reciting verses of the Quran. The second part of the rakat involves bowing low with hands on knees, as if waiting for God's orders. The third movement is to prostrate oneself on the ground, with forehead and nose on the floor and elbows raised, in a posture of submission to God. The fourth movement is to sit with the feet folded under the body. In the concluding portion of the prayers, the worshiper recites "Peace be upon you, and God's blessing" once while facing the right, and once while the face is turned to the left. This action reminds Muslims of the importance of others around them, both in the mosque (if the prayer is being offered at mosque), and in the rest of the world.

 

Prescribed iterations[edit]

Each daily prayer has a different number of obligatory rakats:

 

Fajr — The dawn prayer: 2 rakats

Dhuhr — The midday or afternoon prayer: 4 rakats

Asr — The late afternoon prayer: 4 rakats

Maghrib — The evening prayer: 3 rakats

Isha — The night prayer: 4 rakats, plus 3 rakats of the optional but recommended witr prayer

CANONICAL FOUR BOOKS OF TWELVER SHIITES

https://archive.org/stream/ensyclo/GaleEncyclopediaOfIslamAndTheMuslimWorld_djvu.txt

Akhbaris also criticized other juristic practices

linked with the theory of ijtihad. In particular, they viewed the

"canonical four books" of Twelver Shi'ite hadith as contain-

ing only "sound" {sahih) traditions

https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?id=200320610092446&story_fbid=440756626048842

The Sabaean people were one of four ancient Yemeni groups (Greek ethnos) classified by Eratosthenes. The others were the Minaeans, Hadramites and Qatabanians. Each of these had regional kingdoms in ancient Yemen, with the Minaeans in the north along the Red sea, the Sabeans on the south western tip, streaching from the highlands to the sea, the Qatabanians to the east of them and the Hadramites east of them.

FOUR GREAT NATIONS

http://www.theodora.com/encyclopedia/s/sabaeans.html

The earliest Greek accounts of the Sabaeans and other SouthArabian peoples are of the 3rd century B.C. Eratosthenes (276-194 B.C.) in Strabo (xv. 4.2) says that the extreme south of Arabia, over against Ethiopia, is inhabited by four great nations - the Minaeans (MEwa.ot, Mnva70t; Ma`in of the inscriptions) on the Red Sea, whose chief city is Carna; next to them the Sabaeans, whose capital is Mariaba (Mariab of the inscriptions); then the Catabanes (Qataban of the inscriptions), near the Straits of Bab-el-Mandeb, the seat of whose king is Tamna; fourthly, and farthest east, the people of Hadramut (Cha.tramotitae), with their city Sabota

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SUFI BREATH OF COMPASSION AND THE QUADRANT/X

http://www.greatdreams.com/crop/2005ccs/breath.gif

Sufi Concept of the Breath of the Compassionate

http://www.greatdreams.com/crop/2011ccs/2011ccs2.htm

The idea is that the creation is being created in each moment via the inward and outward breaths of the Creator. It is almost identical to the cube-sphere message through Walter Russell. A detailed explanation is on this page, in the Extra Data section --

 

444, The Triplets, & The Creation

 

It is pointed out in that article that a complex double square type formation appeared at Hundred Acres (East Field), Alton Priors, Wiltshire, around 3 July 2005, and that some seventeen days later an "X" type crop formation appeared at Kings Worthy, near Winchester, Hampshire. The two formations fit quite well with the glyphs in Image 22, above.

THE FOUR WORDS OF BASMALLAH AND THE QURAN CODE

http://www.quranmiracles.com/2011/05/the-words-in-the-basmalah/

The Basmalah is the word group that is repeated most frequently in the world and it has a special place in the Quran. The number of letters and the number of repetitions of the Basmalah are again related to the code 19. Basmalah consists of 4 words. These words are 1) Name 2) God 3) Gracious 4) Merciful respectively. Please, be ready to witness now an important miracle. How many times are these 4 words repeated in the Quran?

 

In addition to this, you will witness many significant mathematical phenomena in the coming chapters. Let us point out some aspects of the use of these four words in the Quran.

http://miraculousquran.blogspot.com/2009/08/surah-al-baqarah-2173-wisdom-behind.html

In this verse, ALLAH has stated four things, which are prohibited for human beings:

 

1-Dead Meat

 

2-Blood ingestion

 

3-Flesh of Swine

 

4-Those Animals over which any other name than that of Allah has been invoked

QURAN PROHIBIT FOUR THINGS

http://www.muslim.org/islam/less-qur/l28.htm

For this lesson I have selected the injunctions regarding food in Islam. The reason for this is that some young men and women who have been influenced by western values, raise questions regarding the prohibition of certain foods. The Divine commandments regarding food are as follows:

 

Eat of whatever is in the earth, provided it is lawful (halal), and good (tayyib). Those things are lawful which Allah has declared lawful, and are earned in a manner that is consistent with the law of God, and the law of the land. Allah has declared all things lawful, with the exception of a few, but it is essential that they should be earned in a lawful manner, and those means that are prohibited by God, and the law of the land should be avoided.

The second important law in this matter is:

" Eat and drink and be not prodigal" (7:31).

Most of us eat more than is needed, and this leads to many illnesses, particularly due to excessive weight gain. Most of us are aware of the harmful effects of excessive food consumption, however, excessive consumption of beverages such as water, tea and coffee can also adversely affect one’s health and well being. In fact, doctors frequently recommend moderation in the consumption of both tea and coffee for heavy users. People are not ordinarily aware of the fact that drinking water in excess of one’s thirst, can also lead to weight gain, and just as over watering of land can lead to water logging, excessive consumption of fluids can be deleterious to the human body. Water consumption should be regulated by the thirst drive, and over consumption should be avoided.

The third significant injunction in this matter is:

"O you who believe, forbid no the good things which Allah has made lawful for you" (5:87).

What are these good things which have also been previously mentioned with the lawful ones? Good (tayyib) means that which is pure, or desirable. An item which is lawful may not be pure, clean and desirable under certain circumstances. For example, the flesh of a goat which has been slaughtered in the prescribed manner is lawful, but it becomes unsuitable (not good) for consumption if it rots. Eating sugar is lawful, but it is not good (tayyib) for a patient of diabetes. Islam, according to the Holy Quran respects the natural likes of people. For example, it is lawful to consume the meat of a crow, but some people do not like to eat its meat. It is inappropriate to insist that they should eat it because it is lawful. Before Islam, the Arabs used to eat dhabb, a larger variety of a lizard. Islam did not declare it unlawful, however, when a man cooked some of it and brought it for the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), he declined to eat it. it is therefore all right to eat lawful things which are clean, provided they are not rotten or prohibited by the doctor, and are to one’s liking. The verse that I just quoted states that, ‘do not prohibit for yourself certain good and lawful things.’ This is to discourage certain practices common among some religions, and unfortunately also practiced by some Muslims, where so called pirs (spiritualists) prohibit certain foods to practise self deprivation.

In the fourth category we will discuss those things which Allah has forbidden. These are basically four in number, as stated in this verse:

"He has forbidden you only what dies of itself, and blood, and the flesh of the swine, and that over which any other name than that of Allah has been invoked" (2:173).

More details of this are provided in chapter five, verse three, where it is stated that, ‘what dies by itself,’ includes which dies by strangulation (for example, a goat which gets strangulated on its tie), that dying of injury, or that which the wild beasts have eaten except what you slaughter before it dies. In all these situations blood letting by slaughtering which is essential for purifying the meat has not occurred. It has also been further clarified in this verse that animals which are slaughtered without invoking the name of Allah include those that are slaughtered in front of the idols.

FOUR TYPES FORBIDDEN FOOD

http://www.religiousrules.com/Islamfood03deadmeat.htm

As discussed on the previous page, the Qur’an states that there are only four types of forbidden foods: dead meat, blood, swine and food over which a name other than that of Allah (God) has been invoked.[1] (Dead meat is meat from an animal that died other than by proper intentional slaughter or hunting.) There are a number of hadiths that explain this further. For example, if an animal is dying, but not dead, it is permitted to slaughter it and eat the meat.[2]

ABDUL BAHAH FOUR ELEMENTS

http://bahaiforums.com/bahai-mysticism/12869-demons-jin-human-souls-angels-theory.html

1-and you have asked about Jinny. know that God has created the human being out of four elements of wind, water, earth and fire. Fire gives warmth and it is moving. if the element of fire becomes the strongest element in a person, then the name Jinny is attributed to that person. this at first is attributed to the faithful people of God and those who suffered in His path and God has praised them in many places. thus God describes them as "creatures of fire" and "strict with unfaithful people" in which they become like a burning fire to the enemies of God.

now we can see that there are many different layers for both the name angel and also Jinn. my own idea is that as evil is merely lack of goodness in human being so they can be a category of the unfaithful people. as Abdul Baha has mentioned, human beings are created out of four elements of fire, water, earth and wind. if fire is more powerful (symbolically) then it creates Jinns. now there are other options as well as when the water is more powerful or the wind or the earth and the evil spirits (the spirits of those with least amount of goodness) can be placed within any of the four categories.

GOD'S CREATURES FOUR CATEGORIES

 

http://www.quran-islam.org/main_topics/why_we_are_here_(P1351).html

Do you not see that everything in the heavens and the earth glorifies God, even the birds in their flight formation? Each is familiar with its prayer and its glorification. God is fully aware of what they do. 24:41

 

As a result, all God's creatures were classified into four categories:

 

1. Angels: Creatures who never doubted God's absolute authority and who rejected Satan's claim.

 

2. Animals: Creatures who doubted but then accepted God's invitation to repent include all animals and also inanimate objects.

 

3. Jinn: Creatures who agreed with Satan; that he is capable of being a god.

 

4. Humans: Creatures who did not make up their minds; they failed to make a firm stand with God's absolute authority. They also rejected God's second offer and preferred to find out for themselves about Satan's claim.

The ḥukm shar‘ī consists of four fundamental elements. These elements are: the Ḥākim (Lawgiver), the maḥkūm alayh (the subject), the maḥkūm fīh (the act of the mukallaf), and the ḥukm (ruling). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahkam